10-Q

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2014

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                     to                    

Commission file number 001-14875

 

 

FTI CONSULTING, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

 

Maryland   52-1261113

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1101 K Street NW,

Washington, D.C.

  20005
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

(202) 312-9100

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web Site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer    x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer    ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

 

Outstanding at October 24, 2014

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share   41,023,522

 

 

 


FTI CONSULTING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX

 

         Page  

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

  Financial Statements   
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets—September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013      3   
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)—Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and 2013      4   
  Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity—Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014      5   
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows—Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and 2013      6   
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements      7   

Item 2.

  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      21   

Item 3.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      48   

Item 4.

  Controls and Procedures      48   

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

  Legal Proceedings      49   

Item 1A.

  Risk Factors      49   

Item 2.

  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      49   

Item 3.

  Defaults Upon Senior Securities      49   

Item 4.

  Mine Safety Disclosures      49   

Item 5.

  Other Information      49   

Item 6.

  Exhibits      50   

SIGNATURE

     52   

 

2


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

FTI Consulting, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

     September 30,
2014
    December 31,
2013
 
     (Unaudited)        

Assets

    

Current assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 178,778      $ 205,833   

Accounts receivable:

    

Billed receivables

     401,696        352,411   

Unbilled receivables

     305,572        233,307   

Allowance for doubtful accounts and unbilled services

     (141,611     (109,273
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accounts receivable, net

     565,657        476,445   

Current portion of notes receivable

     28,757        33,093   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     54,045        61,800   

Current portion of deferred tax assets

     29,731        26,690   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     856,968        803,861   

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation

     83,520        79,007   

Goodwill

     1,213,809        1,218,733   

Other intangible assets, net of amortization

     80,913        97,148   

Notes receivable, net of current portion

     126,561        108,298   

Other assets

     53,120        57,900   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 2,414,891      $ 2,364,947   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

    

Current liabilities

    

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other

   $ 99,857      $ 126,886   

Accrued compensation

     200,513        222,738   

Current portion of long-term debt

     6,000        6,014   

Billings in excess of services provided

     39,492        28,692   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     345,862        384,330   

Long-term debt, net of current portion

     705,000        711,000   

Deferred income taxes

     152,583        137,697   

Other liabilities

     98,147        89,661   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     1,301,592        1,322,688   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingent liabilities (notes 8, 10 and 11)

    

Stockholders’ equity

    

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; shares authorized—5,000; none outstanding

     —          —     

Common stock, $0.01 par value; shares authorized—75,000; shares issued and outstanding—41,027 (2014) and 40,526 (2013)

     410        405   

Additional paid-in capital

     385,591        362,322   

Retained earnings

     788,507        730,621   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (61,209     (51,089
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     1,113,299        1,042,259   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 2,414,891      $ 2,364,947   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

 

3


FTI Consulting, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(in thousands, except per share data)

Unaudited

 

    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2014     2013     2014     2013  

Revenues

  $ 451,178      $ 414,643      $ 1,331,054      $ 1,236,434   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses

       

Direct cost of revenues

    293,244        255,152        863,068        773,160   

Selling, general and administrative expense

    102,461        94,513        317,880        287,485   

Special charges

    5,347        10,419        14,711        10,846   

Acquisition-related contingent consideration

    257        630        (1,591     (6,091

Amortization of other intangible assets

    3,398        5,776        11,466        17,293   

Goodwill impairment charge

    —          83,752        —          83,752   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    404,707        450,242        1,205,534        1,166,445   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

    46,471        (35,599     125,520        69,989   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

       

Interest income and other

    1,014        1,152        3,465        1,702   

Interest expense

    (12,634     (12,814     (38,197     (38,600
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    (11,620     (11,662     (34,732     (36,898
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax provision

    34,851        (47,261     90,788        33,091   

Income tax provision

    12,329        3,360        32,902        36,546   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

  $ 22,522      $ (50,621   $ 57,886      $ (3,455
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share—basic

  $ 0.57      $ (1.29   $ 1.46      $ (0.09
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share—diluted

  $ 0.55      $ (1.29   $ 1.43      $ (0.09
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

       

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax $0

  $ (22,542   $ 17,115      $ (10,120   $ (10,108
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

    (22,542     17,115        (10,120     (10,108
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

  $ (20   $ (33,506   $ 47,766      $ (13,563
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

 

4


FTI Consulting, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity

(in thousands)

Unaudited

 

   

 

Common Stock

    Additional
Paid-in

Capital
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive

(Loss)
    Total  
    Shares     Amount          

Balance December 31, 2013

    40,526      $ 405      $ 362,322      $ 730,621      $ (51,089   $ 1,042,259   

Net income

    —          —          —          57,886        —          57,886   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

           

Cumulative translation adjustment

    —          —          —          —          (10,120     (10,120

Issuance of common stock in connection with:

           

Exercise of options, net of income tax benefit from share-based awards of $323

    232        2        5,165        —          —          5,167   

Restricted share grants, less net settled shares of 159

    269        3        (5,451     —          —          (5,448

Stock units issued under incentive compensation plan

    —          —          1,674        —          —          1,674   

Non-employee vesting of stock options

    —          —          2,951        —          —          2,951   

Share-based compensation

    —          —          18,930        —          —          18,930   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance September 30, 2014

    41,027      $ 410      $ 385,591      $ 788,507      $ (61,209   $ 1,113,299   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

 

5


FTI Consulting, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)

Unaudited

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2014     2013  

Operating activities

    

Net income (loss)

   $ 57,886      $ (3,455

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     26,318        24,218   

Amortization of other intangible assets

     11,466        17,293   

Goodwill impairment charge

     —          83,752   

Acquisition-related contingent consideration

     (1,591     (6,091

Provision for doubtful accounts

     11,896        10,404   

Non-cash share-based compensation

     18,930        22,544   

Non-cash interest expense

     2,020        2,024   

Other

     (358     (286

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:

    

Accounts receivable, billed and unbilled

     (107,847     (72,266

Notes receivable

     (18,266     (9,644

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     7,099        (2,313

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other

     10,538        16,822   

Income taxes

     8,315        12,989   

Accrued compensation

     (16,958     13,198   

Billings in excess of services provided

     11,031        (5,383
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     20,479        103,806   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investing activities

    

Payments for acquisition of businesses, net of cash received

     (15,684     (40,766

Purchases of property and equipment

     (31,797     (22,994

Other

     69        24   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (47,412     (63,736
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing activities

    

Payments of long-term debt

     (6,014     (6,000

Purchase and retirement of common stock

     (4,367     (48,769

Net issuance of common stock under equity compensation plans

     (29     6,208   

Deposits

     12,956        —     

Other

     (1,036     (800
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     1,510        (49,361
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     (1,632     432   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (27,055     (8,859

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     205,833        156,785   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 178,778      $ 147,926   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow disclosures

    

Cash paid for interest

   $ 25,323      $ 25,129   

Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds

     24,580        23,557   

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

    

Issuance of stock units under incentive compensation plans

     1,674        3,005   

Issuance of common stock to acquire businesses

     —          2,883   

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

 

6


FTI Consulting, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(dollar and share amounts in tables expressed in thousands, except per share data)

Unaudited

1. Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of FTI Consulting, Inc., including its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “FTI Consulting”) presented herein, have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) and under the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial information. Some of the information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. In management’s opinion, the interim financial statements reflect all adjustments that are necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. All adjustments made were normal recurring accruals. Results of operations for the interim periods presented herein are not necessarily indicative of results of operations for a full year. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.

2. Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share

Basic earnings (loss) per common share are calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common share adjust basic earnings per common share for the effects of potentially dilutive common shares. Potentially dilutive common shares include the dilutive effects of shares issuable under our equity compensation plans, including stock options and restricted stock, each using the treasury stock method. Due to a net loss applicable to common stockholders, we excluded 1,150,404 potentially dilutive securities for the three months ended September 30, 2013 and 1,172,602 potentially dilutive securities for the nine months ended September 30, 2013, as their effect would be anti-dilutive.

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2014      2013     2014      2013  

Numerator—basic and diluted

          

Net income (loss)

   $ 22,522       $ (50,621   $ 57,886       $ (3,455
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator

          

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding—basic

     39,789         39,094        39,637         39,212   

Effect of dilutive stock options

     414         —          353         —     

Effect of dilutive restricted shares

     616         —          618         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding—diluted

     40,819         39,094        40,608         39,212   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share—basic

   $ 0.57       $ (1.29   $ 1.46       $ (0.09
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share—diluted

   $ 0.55       $ (1.29   $ 1.43       $ (0.09
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Antidilutive stock options and restricted shares

     2,741         4,586        3,185         4,677   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

7


3. New Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

In August 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern (ASU 2014-15), to provide guidance on management’s responsibility in evaluating whether there is substantial doubt about a company’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. The new guidance is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016 and interim periods thereafter, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, or ASU 2014-09. ASU 2014-09 is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model that requires a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and early adoption is not permitted. Companies may use either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach to adopt this ASU. The Company is currently evaluating which transition approach to use and the impact of the adoption of this accounting standard update on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

In April 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-08, Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant, and Equipment (Topic 360): Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity, or ASU 2014-08. ASU 2014-08 amends the criteria for reporting a discontinued operation. The amended guidance requires that a disposal representing a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results or a business activity classified as held for sale should be reported as discontinued operations. The amendments also expand the disclosure requirements for discontinued operations and add new disclosures for individually significant dispositions that do not qualify as discontinued operations. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2014, with early adoption permitted. ASU 2014-08 would impact the Company’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition only in the instance of an event or transaction described above.

4. Special Charges

During the three months ended September 30, 2014, we recorded special charges of $5.3 million. The special charges consisted of $4.5 million contractual post-employment payments and equity award expense acceleration, net of forfeitures of unvested equity and liability awards and annual bonus payments, related to the departures of the Company’s former Chief Financial Officer, former Executive Vice President and Chairman of North America and former Chairman of Europe the Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”) region, and $0.8 million related to updated forecasts of expected sublease income for corporate and segment offices previously vacated.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we recorded special charges of $14.7 million. The special charges consisted of:

 

   

$4.5 million contractual post-employment payments and equity award expense acceleration, net of forfeitures of unvested equity and liability awards and annual bonus payments, related to the departures of the Company’s former Chief Financial Officer, former Executive Vice President and Chairman of North America and former Chairman of the EMEA region.

 

   

$7.9 million related to the termination of the Company’s corporate airplane lease;

 

   

$2.3 million related to the closure of the Company’s former West Palm Beach executive office and related lease termination, and updated forecasts of expected sublease income for corporate and segment offices previously vacated. $0.7 million of these charges were non-cash.

 

8


During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, we recorded special charges of $10.4 million and $10.8 million, respectively, of which $3.1 million was non-cash. The charges primarily reflect actions we took to realign our workforce to address current business demands impacting our Corporate Finance/Restructuring and Forensic and Litigation Consulting segments and to reduce certain corporate overhead within our EMEA region. The special charges consisted of $10.2 million of salary continuance and other contractual employee related costs associated with the reduction in workforce of 45 employees and $0.6 million of costs to consolidate leased office space within one location and to adjust prior year special charges for changes to sublease terms and employee termination costs.

The following table details the special charges by segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013.

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2014      2013      2014      2013  

Corporate Finance/Restructuring

   $ 84       $ 6,331       $ 84       $ 6,399   

Forensic and Litigation Consulting

     308         1,938         308         2,111   

Economic Consulting

     12         15         12         11   

Technology

     19         2         19         16   

Strategic Communications

     3         2         3         66   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     426         8,288         426         8,603   

Unallocated Corporate

     4,921         2,131         14,285         2,243   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 5,347       $ 10,419       $ 14,711       $ 10,846   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The total cash outflow associated with the special charges recorded in 2014, 2013 and 2012 is expected to be $63.5 million, of which $44.2 million has been paid as of September 30, 2014. Approximately $2.1 million is expected to be paid during the remainder of 2014, $5.1 million is expected to be paid in 2015, $3.2 million is expected to be paid in 2016, $3.1 million is expected to be paid in 2017, and the remaining balance of $5.8 million will be paid from 2018 to 2025. A liability for the current and noncurrent portions of the amounts to be paid is included in “Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other” and “Other liabilities,” respectively, on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Activity related to the liability for these costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 is as follows:

 

     Employee
Termination
Costs
    Lease
Costs
    Total  

Balance at December 31, 2013

   $ 19,965      $ 6,096      $ 26,061   

Additions

     5,510        9,580        15,090   

Payments

     (11,373     (10,421     (21,794

Foreign currency translation adjustment and other

     (74     —          (74
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at September 30, 2014

   $ 14,028      $ 5,255      $ 19,283   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

5. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts and Unbilled Services

We record adjustments to the allowance for doubtful accounts and unbilled services as a reduction in revenue when there are changes in estimates of fee reductions that may be imposed by bankruptcy courts and other regulatory institutions, for both billed and unbilled receivables. The allowance for doubtful accounts and unbilled services is also adjusted after the related work has been billed to the client and we discover that collectability is not reasonably assured. These adjustments are recorded to “Selling, general and administrative expense” on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) and totaled $3.2 million and $11.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively, and $2.9 million and $10.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively.

 

9


6. Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs related to software development totaled $4.7 million and $13.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively, and $4.2 million and $11.7 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively. Research and development costs are included in “Selling, general and administrative expense” on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).

7. Financial Instruments

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

We consider the recorded value of certain financial assets and liabilities, which consist primarily of cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable, to approximate the fair value of the respective assets and liabilities at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, based on the short-term nature of the assets and liabilities. The fair value of our long-term debt at September 30, 2014 was $735.0 million compared to a carrying value of $711.0 million. At December 31, 2013, the fair value of our long-term debt was $752.8 million compared to a carrying value of $717.0 million. We determine the fair value of our long-term debt primarily based on quoted market prices for our 63/ 4% Senior Notes Due 2020 (“2020 Notes”) and 6.0% Senior Notes Due 2022 (“2022 Notes”). The fair value of our long-term debt is classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, because it is traded in less active markets.

For business combinations consummated on or after January 1, 2009, we estimate the fair value of acquisition-related contingent consideration based on the present value of the consideration expected to be paid during the remainder of the earnout period, based on management’s assessment of the acquired operations’ forecasted earnings. This fair value measure is based on significant inputs not observed in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement. Fair value measurements characterized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are measured based on unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and reflect our own assumptions in measuring fair value.

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurements of our acquisition-related contingent consideration include our measures of the future profitability and related cash flows of the acquired business or assets, impacted by appropriate discount rates. Significant increases (decreases) in any of these inputs in isolation would result in a significantly lower (higher) fair value measurement. Generally, a change in the assumptions used for the discount rates is accompanied by a directionally opposite change in the fair value measurement and a change in the assumptions used for the future cash flows is accompanied by a directionally similar change in the fair value measurement. The fair value of the contingent consideration is reassessed on a quarterly basis by the Company using additional information as it becomes available.

Any change in the fair value of an acquisition’s contingent consideration liability results in a remeasurement gain or loss that is recorded as income or expense, respectively, and is included within “Acquisition-related contingent consideration” in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss). During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, management determined that the fair value of the contingent consideration liability for certain of its acquisitions had declined and recorded a remeasurement gain of $2.4 million compared to a remeasurement gain of $8.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. There was no remeasurement gain or loss for the three months ended September 30, 2014, or three months ended September 30, 2013.

Accretion expense for acquisition-related contingent consideration totaled $0.3 million and $0.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively, and $0.6 million and $2.1 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively.

 

10


The following table represents the changes in the acquisition-related contingent consideration liability during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 

(in thousands)

   2014     2013     2014     2013  

Beginning balance

   $ 6,601      $ 13,285      $ 13,329      $ 16,426   

Acquisition (1)

     —          (206     (4,495     4,323   

Accretion of acquisition-related contingent consideration

     257        630        792        2,125   

Remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration

     —          —          (2,383     (8,216

Payments

     (200     (166     (578     (401

Unrealized gains (losses) related to currency translation in other comprehensive income

     —          73        (7     (641
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 6,658      $ 13,616      $ 6,658      $ 13,616   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Includes adjustments during the purchase price allocation period.

8. Acquisitions

Certain purchase price allocations were preliminary at December 31, 2013. For these acquisitions, we recorded $4.7 million of acquisition related contingent consideration, $9.5 million of identifiable intangible assets, $1.2 million of deferred taxes and $10.1 million of goodwill in the year ended December 31, 2013. During the first and second quarter of 2014 we finalized the purchase price allocations and recorded adjustments to the preliminary purchase price for certain acquisitions completed during the fourth quarter of 2013. These adjustments were immaterial; therefore no retrospective adjustments were made to the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2013.

9. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

The changes in the carrying amounts of goodwill by operating segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, are as follows:

 

    Corporate
Finance/
Restructuring
    Forensic and
Litigation
Consulting
    Economic
Consulting
    Technology     Strategic
Communications
    Total  

Balances at December 31, 2013:

           

Goodwill

  $ 449,710      $ 241,651      $ 263,474      $ 118,073      $ 339,964      $ 1,412,872   

Accumulated goodwill impairment

    —          —          —          —          (194,139     (194,139
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Goodwill, net at December 31, 2013

    449,710        241,651        263,474        118,073        145,825        1,218,733   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Acquisitions (1)

    —          (224     —          —          —          (224

Foreign currency translation adjustment and other

    (1,280     (1,306     (326     (28     (1,760     (4,700
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Goodwill

    448,430        240,121        263,148        118,045        338,204        1,407,948   

Accumulated goodwill impairment

    —          —          —          —          (194,139     (194,139
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Goodwill, net at September 30, 2014

  $ 448,430      $ 240,121      $ 263,148      $ 118,045      $ 144,065      $ 1,213,809   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Includes adjustments during the purchase price measurement period.

 

11


Other intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives. For intangible assets with finite lives, we recorded amortization expense of $3.4 million and $11.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively, and $5.8 million and $17.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively. Based solely on the amortizable intangible assets recorded as of September 30, 2014, we estimate amortization expense to be $3.2 million during the remainder of 2014, $11.9 million in 2015, $10.7 million in 2016, $10.0 million in 2017, $8.4 million in 2018, $7.7 million in 2019, and $23.4 million in years after 2019. Actual amortization expense to be reported in future periods could differ from these estimates as a result of new intangible asset acquisitions, finalization of asset valuations for newly acquired assets, changes in useful lives, changes in value due to foreign currency translation, and other factors.

10. Debt

The components of debt obligations are presented in the table below:

 

     September 30,
2014
     December 31,
2013
 

6 3/4% senior notes due 2020

   $ 400,000       $ 400,000   

6.0% senior notes due 2022

     300,000         300,000   

Notes payable to former shareholders of acquired businesses

     11,000         17,000   

Other

     —           14   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total debt

     711,000         717,014   

Less current portion

     6,000         6,014   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-term debt, net of current portion

     705,000         711,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

There were no borrowings outstanding under the Company’s senior secured bank credit facility as of September 30, 2014.

11. Commitments and Contingencies

Contingencies

We are subject to legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. In management’s opinion, we believe we have adequate legal defenses and/or insurance coverage with respect to the resolutions of such actions. We do not believe any potential settlement or judgment would materially affect our financial position or results of operations.

12. Share-Based Compensation

Share-based Awards and Share-based Compensation Expense

Our officers, employees, non-employee directors and certain individual service providers are eligible to participate in the Company’s equity compensation plans, subject to the discretion of the administrator of the plans. During the three months ended September 30, 2014, we granted 223,944 stock options and 49,124 restricted stock awards. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we granted 594,943 stock options, 422,269 restricted stock awards and 84,554 restricted stock units. These awards are recorded as equity on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. During the three months ended September 30, 2014, 88,705 performance stock awards and 34,693 restricted stock awards were forfeited prior to the completion of the vesting requirements.

On April 1, 2014, certain executive officers of the Company were granted an aggregate of 234,536 cash-settled awards under the Company’s 2014 executive officer long-term incentive program. These awards include 97,752 cash-settled stock appreciation rights (the “Executive SARs”) and 36,851 cash-settled units, which vest

 

12


pro rata on the first through third anniversaries of the date of grant, and 99,933 cash-settled performance units. The Executive SARs expire ten years from the date of grant. The cash-settled performance units are, subject to performance conditions based on the adjusted total shareholder return of the Company as compared to the adjusted total shareholder return of the adjusted S&P 500 for the three-year period ending March 31, 2017. The Executive SAR represents the right to receive cash upon exercise equal to the product of (i) the aggregate number of shares with respect to which the Executive SAR is exercised and (ii) the excess of (A) the closing price per share as reported on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) of a share of our common stock as of the date of exercise over (B) the exercise price of such Executive SAR. The cash-settled units and performance units will have a value equivalent to the closing price per share of our common stock as reported on the NYSE for the applicable vesting or performance measurement date, as the case may be. As these awards will be settled in cash, they have been recorded as liabilities and are included in “Other Liabilities” on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at fair value. Subsequent changes in the fair value of these awards will be included in the related share-based compensation expense recorded over the vesting period. During the three months ended September 30, 2014, 34,842 Executive SARs, 13,134 cash-settled units and 35,620 cash-settled performance units were forfeited prior to the completion of the vesting requirements.

Total share-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 is detailed in the following table:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 

Comprehensive Income (Loss) Statement Classification

       2014             2013          2014     2013  

Direct cost of revenues

   $ 2,654      $ 2,532       $ 12,024      $ 13,231   

Selling, general and administrative expense

     2,146        2,680         8,173        9,180   

Special charges (1)

     (994     209         (994     209   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total share-based compensation expense

   $ 3,806      $ 5,421       $ 19,203      $ 22,620   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

Special charges of $0.2 million equity award expense acceleration are net of forfeitures of $1.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014.

13. Income Taxes

The Company has estimated its annual effective tax rate for the full fiscal year 2014 and applied that rate to its income before income taxes in determining its provision for income taxes for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014. The Company also records discrete items in each respective period as appropriate.

The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2014 is 35.4%. For the three months ended September 30, 2014, there were no discrete items recorded. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2013 was not meaningful due to the impact of the non-deductible goodwill impairment charge of $83.8 million. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2013, excluding the impact of the goodwill impairment charge, and a discrete item related to the settlement of a foreign audit would have been 38.0%.

The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 is 36.2%. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the effective tax rate was not materially impacted by discrete items recorded. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 was not meaningful due to the impact of the non-deductible goodwill impairment charge of $83.8 million. For the nine months ended September 30, 2013, we recorded a deferred tax valuation reserve related to foreign tax credits, primarily due to lower forecasted foreign earnings, resulting in a discrete increase to the income tax provision in the amount of $6.9 million. We also recognized the impact of a discrete benefit related to the favorable resolution of an income tax contingency in the amount of $2.2 million. Excluding the impact of this discrete item and the non-deductible goodwill impairment charge, the effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 would have been 36.4%.

 

13


During the second quarter of 2013, we determined that certain deferred tax assets associated with U.S. future foreign tax credits no longer met the “more-likely-than-not” test regarding the realization of those assets primarily due to lower forecasted foreign earnings. Accordingly, the Company increased the valuation allowance against its U.S. future foreign tax credit assets, resulting in a discrete adjustment to the income tax provision in the amount of $6.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, valuation allowances of $9.8 million and $10.2 million, respectively, were recorded against the Company’s net deferred tax assets. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the company decreased its valuation allowance on its foreign deferred tax assets by $0.4 million associated with future foreign tax credits and foreign net operating loss carry forwards. As of September 30, 2013, valuation allowances of $9.5 million were recorded.

As of September 30, 2014, all of the Company’s undistributed non-U.S. subsidiary earnings are considered indefinitely invested. Accordingly, as of September 30, 2014, we have not provided for deferred taxes on $22.5 million of the undistributed non-U.S. subsidiary earnings. A deferred tax liability will be recognized if and when the Company is no longer able to demonstrate that it plans to indefinitely reinvest undistributed earnings. If these earnings were repatriated, the Company would be subject to U.S. income taxes. The amount of the unrecognized deferred U.S. income tax liability associated with the indefinitely reinvested undistributed earnings is estimated to be approximately $7.9 million as of September 30, 2014.

As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the liability for uncertain tax positions was $2.2 million and $2.9 million, respectively. During the first nine months of 2014, the Company effectively settled certain prior year tax matters. As a result, the Company reversed approximately $1.2 million of its liability for uncertain tax positions.

14. Stockholder’s Equity

On June 6, 2012, our Board of Directors authorized a two-year stock repurchase program of up to $250.0 million (the “2012 Repurchase Program”). During the year ended December 31, 2013, we repurchased and retired 1,956,900 shares of our common stock for an average price per share of $36.35, at a cost of $71.1 million, of which $4.4 million was accrued and included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, and $66.7 million was paid at December 31, 2013. In January 2014, we paid the balance due of $4.4 million on our 2013 share repurchases. No shares were repurchased during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. The 2012 Repurchase Program expired on June 5, 2014.

15. Segment Reporting

We manage our business in five reportable segments: Corporate Finance/Restructuring, Forensic and Litigation Consulting, Economic Consulting, Technology and Strategic Communications.

Our Corporate Finance/Restructuring segment focuses on strategic, operational, financial and capital needs of businesses around the world and provides consulting and advisory services on a wide range of areas, such as restructuring (including bankruptcy), interim management, financings, mergers and acquisitions, post-acquisition integration, valuations, tax issues and performance improvement.

Our Forensic and Litigation Consulting segment provides law firms, companies, government clients and other interested parties with dispute advisory, investigations, forensic accounting, business intelligence assessments, data analytics, risk mitigation services as well as interim management and performance improvement services for our health solutions practice clients.

Our Economic Consulting segment provides law firms, companies, government entities and other interested parties with analysis of complex economic issues for use in legal, regulatory and international arbitration proceedings, strategic decision making and public policy debates in the U.S. and around the world.

 

14


Our Technology segment provides electronic discovery and information management consulting, software and services to its clients. It provides products, services and consulting to companies, law firms, courts and government agencies worldwide. Its comprehensive suite of software and services help clients locate, review and produce electronically stored information, including e-mail, computer files, voicemail, instant messaging, and financial and transactional data.

Our Strategic Communications segment provides advice and consulting services relating to financial and corporate communications and investor relations, reputation management and brand communications, public affairs, business consulting and digital design and marketing.

We evaluate the performance of our operating segments based on Adjusted Segment EBITDA. Beginning with the quarter ended March 31, 2014, the definition of Adjusted Segment EBITDA has been updated to exclude the impact of changes in the fair value of acquisition-related contingent consideration liabilities. Prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation.

We define Adjusted Segment EBITDA as a segment’s share of consolidated operating income before depreciation, amortization of intangible assets, remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration, special charges and goodwill impairment charges. We define Total Adjusted Segment EBITDA as the total of Adjusted Segment EBITDA for all segments, which excludes unallocated corporate expenses. Although Adjusted Segment EBITDA is not a measure of financial condition or performance determined in accordance with GAAP, we use Adjusted Segment EBITDA to internally evaluate the financial performance of our segments because we believe it is a useful supplemental measure which reflects current core operating performance and provides an indicator of the segment’s ability to generate cash.

The table below presents revenues and Adjusted Segment EBITDA for our reportable segments for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2014      2013      2014      2013  

Revenues

           

Corporate Finance/Restructuring

   $ 100,041       $ 93,981       $ 298,043       $ 289,775   

Forensic and Litigation Consulting

     121,732         113,068         362,242         318,912   

Economic Consulting

     120,494         113,069         344,572         339,277   

Technology

     62,359         51,201         183,142         149,101   

Strategic Communications

     46,552         43,324         143,055         139,369   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Revenues

   $ 451,178       $ 414,643       $ 1,331,054       $ 1,236,434   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Adjusted Segment EBITDA

           

Corporate Finance/Restructuring

   $ 15,534       $ 19,402       $ 45,618       $ 56,335   

Forensic and Litigation Consulting

     22,260         25,362         71,025         56,925   

Economic Consulting

     18,426         23,225         49,499         70,222   

Technology

     17,835         15,381         50,287         45,985   

Strategic Communications

     6,605         4,036         15,168         12,809   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Adjusted Segment EBITDA

   $ 80,660       $ 87,406       $ 231,597       $ 242,276   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

15


The table below reconciles Total Adjusted Segment EBITDA to income before income tax provision:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2014     2013     2014     2013  

Total Adjusted Segment EBITDA

   $ 80,660      $ 87,406      $ 231,597      $ 242,276   

Segment depreciation expense

     (7,293     (7,112     (22,353     (20,932

Amortization of other intangible assets

     (3,398     (5,776     (11,466     (17,293

Special charges

     (5,347     (10,419     (14,711     (10,846

Goodwill impairment charge

     —          (83,752     —          (83,752

Unallocated corporate expenses, excluding special charges

     (18,151     (15,946     (59,930     (47,680

Interest income and other

     1,014        1,152        3,465        1,702   

Interest expense

     (12,634     (12,814     (38,197     (38,600

Remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration

     —          —          2,383        8,216   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax provision

   $ 34,851      $ (47,261   $ 90,788      $ 33,091   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

16. Supplemental Condensed Consolidating Guarantor and Non-Guarantor Financial Information

Substantially all of our domestic subsidiaries are guarantors of borrowings under our senior bank credit facility and 2020 Notes and 2022 Notes (collectively, the “Senior Notes”). The guarantees are full and unconditional and joint and several. All of the guarantors are 100%-owned, direct or indirect, subsidiaries. The following financial information presents condensed consolidating balance sheets, statements of comprehensive income and statements of cash flows for FTI Consulting, all the guarantor subsidiaries, all the non-guarantor subsidiaries and the eliminations necessary to arrive at the consolidated information for FTI Consulting and its subsidiaries. For purposes of this presentation, we have accounted for our investments in our subsidiaries using the equity method of accounting. The principal eliminating entries eliminate investment in subsidiary and intercompany balances and transactions.

 

16


Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet Information as of September 30, 2014

 

    FTI
Consulting, Inc.
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Assets

         

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 96,462      $ 163      $ 82,153      $ —        $ 178,778   

Accounts receivable, net

    175,246        196,548        193,863        —          565,657   

Intercompany receivables

    —          826,971        15,681        (842,652     —     

Other current assets

    66,311        22,288        23,934        —          112,533   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

    338,019        1,045,970        315,631        (842,652     856,968   

Property and equipment, net

    33,629        16,320        33,571        —          83,520   

Goodwill

    559,318        408,903        245,588        —          1,213,809   

Other intangible assets, net

    30,845        17,523        58,013        (25,468     80,913   

Investments in subsidiaries

    1,875,192        503,249        —          (2,378,441     —     

Other assets

    63,043        78,844        37,794        —          179,681   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

  $ 2,900,046      $ 2,070,809      $ 690,597      $ (3,246,561   $ 2,414,891   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities

         

Intercompany payables

  $ 736,122      $ 56,574      $ 49,956      $ (842,652   $ —     

Other current liabilities

    144,005        102,379        99,478        —          345,862   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

    880,127        158,953        149,434        (842,652     345,862   

Long-term debt, net

    700,000        5,000        —          —          705,000   

Other liabilities

    206,620        14,161        29,949        —          250,730   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

    1,786,747        178,114        179,383        (842,652     1,301,592   

Stockholders’ equity

    1,113,299        1,892,695        511,214        (2,403,909     1,113,299   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

  $ 2,900,046      $ 2,070,809      $ 690,597      $ (3,246,561   $ 2,414,891   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet Information as of December 31, 2013

 

    FTI
Consulting, Inc.
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Assets

         

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 111,943      $ 494      $ 93,396      $ —        $ 205,833   

Accounts receivable, net

    154,357        162,505        159,583        —          476,445   

Intercompany receivables

    —          820,158        18,881        (839,039     —     

Other current assets

    68,292        20,932        32,359        —          121,583   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

    334,592        1,004,089        304,219        (839,039     803,861   

Property and equipment, net

    31,304        19,047        28,656        —          79,007   

Goodwill

    559,820        408,903        250,010        —          1,218,733   

Other intangible assets, net

    33,746        19,534        72,221        (28,353     97,148   

Investments in subsidiaries

    1,772,130        498,001        —          (2,270,131     —     

Other assets

    75,561        56,949        33,688        —          166,198   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

  $ 2,807,153      $ 2,006,523      $ 688,794      $ (3,137,523   $ 2,364,947   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities

         

Intercompany payables

  $ 709,628      $ 74,813      $ 54,598      $ (839,039   $ —     

Other current liabilities

    154,049        114,883        115,398        —          384,330   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

    863,677        189,696        169,996        (839,039     384,330   

Long-term debt, net

    700,000        11,000        —          —          711,000   

Other liabilities

    201,217        15,009        11,132        —          227,358   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

    1,764,894        215,705        181,128        (839,039     1,322,688   

Stockholders’ equity

    1,042,259        1,790,818        507,666        (2,298,484     1,042,259   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

  $ 2,807,153      $ 2,006,523      $ 688,794      $ (3,137,523   $ 2,364,947   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

17


Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended

September 30, 2014

 

    FTI
Consulting, Inc.
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenues

  $ 157,285      $ 268,949      $ 127,813      $ (102,869   $ 451,178   

Operating expenses

         

Direct cost of revenues

    101,646        210,283        83,910        (102,595     293,244   

Selling, general and administrative expense

    40,185        30,033        32,517        (274     102,461   

Special charges

    4,235        30        1,082        —          5,347   

Acquisition-related contingent consideration

    65        192        —          —          257   

Amortization of other intangible assets

    1,038        641        2,675        (956     3,398   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

    10,116        27,770        7,629        956        46,471   

Other (expense) income

    (12,926     (1,743     3,049        —          (11,620
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax provision

    (2,810     26,027        10,678        956        34,851   

Income tax (benefit) provision

    (810     11,519        1,620        —          12,329   

Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries

    24,522        8,972        —          (33,494     —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    22,522        23,480        9,058        (32,538     22,522   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

         

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax $0

    —          —          (22,542     —          (22,542
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax

    —          —          (22,542     —          (22,542
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

  $ 22,522      $ 23,480      $ (13,484   $ (32,538   $ (20
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended

September 30, 2013

 

    FTI
Consulting, Inc.
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenues

  $ 149,176      $ 243,186      $ 111,867      $ (89,586   $ 414,643   

Operating expenses

         

Direct cost of revenues

    89,410        181,561        73,678        (89,497     255,152   

Selling, general and administrative expense

    37,470        28,279        28,853        (89     94,513   

Special Charges

    6,447        8        3,964        —          10,419   

Acquisition-related contingent consideration

    152        229        249        —          630   

Amortization of other intangible assets

    1,089        2,689        2,807        (809     5,776   

Goodwill impairment charge

    —          30,321        53,431        —          83,752   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

    14,608        99        (51,115     809        (35,599

Other (expense) income

    (13,468     (1,165     2,971        —          (11,662
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax provision

    1,140        (1,066     (48,144     809        (47,261

Income tax (benefit) provision

    (3,530)        14,070        (7,180)        —          3,360   

Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries

    (55,291     (42,632     —          97,923        —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    (50,621     (57,768     (40,964     98,732        (50,621
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax:

         

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax $0

    (61     —          17,176        —          17,115   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax

    (61     —          17,176        —          17,115   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

  $ (50,682   $ (57,768   $ (23,788   $ 98,732      $ (33,506
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

18


Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income for the Nine Months Ended

September 30, 2014

 

    FTI
Consulting, Inc.
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenues

  $ 463,774      $ 790,361      $ 380,145      $ (303,226   $ 1,331,054   

Operating expenses

         

Direct cost of revenues

    299,718        616,437        249,206        (302,293     863,068   

Selling, general and administrative expense

    131,347        88,610        98,856        (933     317,880   

Special charges

    13,599        30        1,082        —          14,711   

Acquisition-related contingent consideration

    (531     (211     (849     —          (1,591

Amortization of other intangible assets

    3,197        2,011        9,143        (2,885     11,466   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

    16,444        83,484        22,707        2,885        125,520   

Other (expense) income

    (38,502     (5,978     9,748        —          (34,732
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax provision

    (22,058     77,506        32,455        2,885        90,788   

Income tax (benefit) provision

    (8,515     34,423        6,994        —          32,902   

Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries

    71,429        23,662        —          (95,091     —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    57,886        66,745        25,461        (92,206     57,886   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

         

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax $0

    —          —          (10,120     —          (10,120
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax

    —          —          (10,120     —          (10,120
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

  $ 57,886      $ 66,745      $ 15,341      $ (92,206   $ 47,766   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income for Nine Months Ended

September 30, 2013

 

    FTI
Consulting, Inc.
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenues

  $ 444,526      $ 744,241      $ 333,428      $ (285,761   $ 1,236,434   

Operating expenses

         

Direct cost of revenues

    283,028        561,434        212,376        (283,678     773,160   

Selling, general and administrative expense

    118,941        84,869        85,758        (2,083     287,485   

Special charges

    6,770        112        3,964        —          10,846   

Acquisition-related contingent consideration

    331        424        (6,846     —          (6,091

Amortization of other intangible assets

    3,411        7,637        8,636        (2,391     17,293   

Goodwill impairment charge

    —          30,321        53,431        —          83,752   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

    32,045        59,444        (23,891     2,391        69,989   

Other (expense) income

    (45,181     (634     8,917        —          (36,898
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax provision

    (13,136     58,810        (14,974     2,391        33,091   

Income tax (benefit) provision

    (10,751     48,132        (835     —          36,546   

Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries

    (1,070     (18,518     —          19,588        —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    (3,455     (7,840     (14,139     21,979        (3,455
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

         

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax $0

    (61     —          (10,047     —          (10,108
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax

    (61     —          (10,047     —          (10,108
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

  $ (3,516   $ (7,840   $ (24,186   $ 21,979      $ (13,563
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

19


Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014

 

     FTI
Consulting, Inc.
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Consolidated  

Operating activities

        

Net cash used in operating activities

   $ (12,091   $ 40,238      $ (7,668   $ 20,479   

Investing activities

        

Payments for acquisition of businesses, net of cash received

     (14,729     —          (955     (15,684

Purchases of property and equipment

     (10,988     (9,197     (11,612     (31,797

Other

     2        —          67        69   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (25,715     (9,197     (12,500     (47,412
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing activities

        

Payments of long-term debt

     —          (6,000     (14     (6,014

Purchase and retirement of common stock

     (4,367     —          —          (4,367

Net issuance of common stock under equity compensation plans

     (29     —          —          (29

Deposits

     —          —          12,956        12,956   

Other

     226        (319     (943     (1,036

Intercompany transfers

     26,495        (25,053     (1,442     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

     22,325        (31,372     10,557        1,510   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     —          —          (1,632     (1,632
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (15,481     (331     (11,243     (27,055

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     111,943        494        93,396        205,833   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 96,462      $ 163      $ 82,153      $ 178,778   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013

 

     FTI
Consulting, Inc.
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Consolidated  

Operating activities

        

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

   $ (37,182   $ 111,908      $ 29,080        103,806   

Investing activities

        

Payments for acquisition of businesses, net of cash received

     (11,855     (7,157     (21,754     (40,766

Purchases of property and equipment

     (2,092     (16,064     (4,838     (22,994

Other

     24        —          —          24   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (13,923     (23,221     (26,592     (63,736
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing activities

        

Payments of long-term debt

     —          (6,000     —          (6,000

Purchase and retirement of common stock

     (48,769     —          —          (48,769

Net issuance of common stock under equity compensation plans

     6,208        —          —          6,208   

Other

     229        —          (1,029     (800

Intercompany transfers

     91,226        (82,938     (8,288     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     48,894        (88,938     (9,317     (49,361
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     —          —          432        432   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (2,211     (251     (6,397     (8,859

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     66,663        610        89,512        156,785   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 64,452      $ 359      $ 83,115      $ 147,926   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

20


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following is a discussion and analysis of our consolidated financial condition and results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 and significant factors that could affect our prospective financial condition and results of operations. This discussion should be read together with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes and with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013. Historical results and any discussion of prospective results may not indicate our future performance. See “—Forward-Looking Statements.”

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

We are a leading global business advisory firm dedicated to helping organizations protect and enhance their enterprise value. We work closely with our clients to help them anticipate, understand, manage and overcome complex business matters arising from such factors as the economy, financial and credit markets, governmental regulation, legislation and litigation. We assist clients in addressing a broad range of business challenges, such as restructuring (including bankruptcy), financing and credit issues and indebtedness, interim business management, forensic accounting and litigation matters, international arbitrations, mergers and acquisitions (“M&A”), antitrust and competition matters, securities litigation, electronic discovery (“e-discovery”), management and retrieval of electronically stored information (“ESI”), reputation management and strategic communications. We also provide services to help our clients take advantage of economic, regulatory, financial and other business opportunities. Our experienced teams of professionals include many individuals who are widely recognized as experts in their respective fields. We believe clients retain us because of our recognized expertise and capabilities in highly specialized areas as well as our reputation for satisfying client needs.

We report financial results for the following five reportable segments:

Our Corporate Finance/Restructuring segment focuses on strategic, operational, financial and capital needs of businesses around the world and provides consulting and advisory services on a wide range of areas, such as restructuring (including bankruptcy), interim management, financings, M&A, post-acquisition integration, valuations, tax issues and performance improvement.

Our Forensic and Litigation Consulting segment provides law firms, companies, government clients and other interested parties with dispute advisory, investigations, forensic accounting, business intelligence assessments, data analytics, risk mitigation services as well as interim management and performance improvement services for our health solutions practice clients.

Our Economic Consulting segment provides law firms, companies, government entities and other interested parties with analysis of complex economic issues for use in legal, regulatory and international arbitration proceedings, strategic decision making and public policy debates in the United States (“U.S.”) and around the world.

Our Technology segment provides e-discovery and information management consulting, software and services to its clients. It provides products, services and consulting to companies, law firms, courts and government agencies worldwide. Its comprehensive suite of software and services help clients locate, review and produce ESI, including e-mail, computer files, voicemail, instant messaging and financial and transactional data.

Our Strategic Communications segment provides advice and consulting services relating to financial and corporate communications and investor relations, reputation management and brand communications, public affairs, business consulting and digital design and marketing.

We derive substantially all of our revenues from providing professional services to both U.S. and global clients. Over the past several years the growth in our revenues and profitability has resulted from our ability to attract new and recurring engagements and the acquisitions we have completed.

 

21


Most of our services are rendered under time-and-expense arrangements that obligate the client to pay us a fee for the hours that we incur at agreed upon rates. Under this arrangement, we typically bill our clients for reimbursable expenses, which may include the cost of producing our work product and other direct expenses that we incur on behalf of the client, such as travel costs. We also render services for which certain clients may be required to pay us a fixed fee or recurring retainer. These arrangements are generally cancellable at any time. Some of our engagements contain performance-based arrangements in which we earn a success fee when and if certain predefined outcomes occur. This type of success fee may supplement a time-and-expense or fixed-fee arrangement. Success fee revenues may cause variations in our revenues and operating results due to the timing of achieving the performance-based criteria. In our Technology segment, certain clients are also billed based on the amount of data stored on our electronic systems, the volume of information processed or the number of users licensing our Ringtail® software products for use or installation within their own environments. We license certain products directly to end users as well as indirectly through our channel partner relationships. Unit-based revenue is defined as revenue billed on a per-item, per-page, or some other unit-based method and includes revenue from data processing and hosting, software usage and software licensing. Unit-based revenue includes revenue associated with our proprietary software that is made available to customers, either via a web browser (“on-demand”) or installed at our customer or partner locations (“on-premise”). On-demand revenue is charged on a unit or monthly basis and includes, but is not limited to, processing and review related functions. On-premise revenue is comprised of up-front license fees, with recurring support and maintenance. Seasonal factors, such as the timing of our employees’ and clients’ vacations and holidays, impact the timing of our revenues.

Our financial results are primarily driven by:

 

   

the number, size and type of engagements we secure;

 

   

the rate per hour or fixed charges we charge our clients for services;

 

   

the utilization rates of the revenue-generating professionals we employ;

 

   

the number of revenue-generating professionals;

 

   

fees from clients on a retained basis or other;

 

   

licensing of our software products and other technology services;

 

   

the types of assignments we are working on at different times;

 

   

the length of the billing and collection cycles; and

 

   

the geographic locations of our clients or locations in which services are rendered.

Non-GAAP Measures

In the accompanying analysis of financial information, we sometimes use information derived from consolidated and segment financial information that is not presented in our financial statements and prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). Certain of these measures are considered “non-GAAP financial measures” under the SEC rules. Specifically, we have referred to:

 

   

Segment Operating Income

 

   

Total Segment Operating Income

 

   

Adjusted EBITDA

 

   

Adjusted Segment EBITDA

 

   

Total Adjusted Segment EBITDA

 

   

Adjusted Net Income

 

   

Adjusted Earnings per Diluted Share

 

22


Beginning with the quarter ended March 31, 2014, the definitions of each of these non-GAAP measures have been updated to exclude the impact of changes in the fair value of acquisition-related contingent consideration liabilities. Prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation.

We define Segment Operating Income (Loss) as a segment’s share of consolidated operating income. We define Total Segment Operating Income (Loss) as the total of Segment Operating Income (Loss) for all segments, which excludes unallocated corporate expenses. We use Segment Operating Income (Loss) for the purpose of calculating Adjusted Segment EBITDA. We define Adjusted EBITDA as consolidated net income (loss) before income tax provision, other non-operating income (expense), depreciation, amortization of intangible assets, remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration, special charges, goodwill impairment charges and losses on early extinguishment of debt. We define Adjusted Segment EBITDA as a segment’s share of consolidated operating income before depreciation, amortization of intangible assets, remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration, special charges and goodwill impairment charges. We define Total Adjusted Segment EBITDA as the total of Adjusted Segment EBITDA for all segments, which excludes unallocated corporate expenses. We use Adjusted Segment EBITDA to internally evaluate the financial performance of our segments because we believe it is a useful supplemental measure which reflects current core operating performance and provides an indicator of the segment’s ability to generate cash. We also believe that these measures, when considered together with our GAAP financial results, provide management and investors with a more complete understanding of our operating results, including underlying trends, by excluding the effects of remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration, special charges and goodwill impairment charges. In addition, EBITDA is a common alternative measure of operating performance used by many of our competitors. It is used by investors, financial analysts, rating agencies and others to value and compare the financial performance of companies in our industry. Therefore, we also believe that these measures, considered along with corresponding GAAP measures, provide management and investors with additional information for comparison of our operating results to the operating results of other companies.

We define Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Earnings per Diluted Share (“Adjusted EPS”) as net income and earnings per diluted share, respectively, excluding the impact of remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration, special charges, goodwill impairment charges and losses on early extinguishment of debt. We use Adjusted Net Income for the purpose of calculating Adjusted EPS. Management uses Adjusted EPS to assess total company operating performance on a consistent basis. We believe that this measure, when considered together with our GAAP financial results, provides management and investors with a more complete understanding of our business operating results, including underlying trends, by excluding the effects of the remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration, special charges, goodwill impairment charges and losses on early extinguishment of debt.

Non-GAAP financial measures are not defined in the same manner by all companies and may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for or superior to, the information contained in our Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. Reconciliations of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures are included elsewhere in this filing.

We define acquisition growth as revenue of acquired companies in the first twelve months following the effective date of an acquisition. Our definition of organic growth is the change in revenue excluding the impact of all such acquisitions.

 

23


EXECUTIVE HIGHLIGHTS

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
           2014                  2013                 2014                  2013        
     (dollars in thousands,
except per share amounts)
   

(dollars in thousands,

except per share amounts)

 

Revenues

   $ 451,178       $ 414,643      $ 1,331,054       $ 1,236,434   

Special charges

   $ 5,347       $ 10,419      $ 14,711       $ 10,846   

Goodwill impairment charge

   $ —         $ 83,752      $ —         $ 83,752   

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 63,395       $ 72,544      $ 174,494       $ 197,882   

Net income (loss)

   $ 22,522       $ (50,621   $ 57,886       $ (3,455

Earnings (loss) per common share—diluted

   $ 0.55       $ (1.29   $ 1.43       $ (0.09

Adjusted EPS

   $ 0.63       $ 0.72      $ 1.60       $ 1.69   

Cash provided by operating activities

   $ 97,583       $ 84,437      $ 20,479       $ 103,806   

Total number of employees

     4,336         4,130        4,336         4,130   

Third Quarter 2014 Executive Highlights

Revenues

Revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2014 increased $36.5 million, or 8.8%, to $451.2 million, compared to $414.6 million in the same prior year period. The revenue increase largely resulted from organic growth in all segments, with the most significant revenue growth due to higher demand for complex global investigations and financial services industry investigations in our Technology segment, as well as, increased demand in our global construction solutions, data analytics and North America investigation and disputes practices in our in Forensic and Litigation Consulting (“FLC”) segment. Additionally, our results reflected improved demand in our European practice and in our North American non-distressed service offerings in the Corporate Finance/Restructuring (“Corporate Finance”) segment, and the international arbitration, valuation and financial advisory offerings in the Europe, Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”) region, in our Economics Consulting segment.

Special Charges

During the three months ended September 30, 2014, we recorded special charges of $5.3 million. The special charges consisted of $4.5 million contractual post-employment payments and equity award expense acceleration, net of forfeitures of unvested equity and liability awards and annual bonus payments, related to the departures of the Company’s former Chief Financial Officer, former Executive Vice President and Chairman of North America and former Chairman of the EMEA region, and $0.8 million related to updated forecasts of expected sublease income for corporate and segment offices previously vacated.

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA in the third quarter decreased $9.1 million, or 12.6%, to $63.4 million, or 14.1% of revenues, compared to $72.5 million, or 17.5% of revenues, in the same prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA was unfavorably impacted by increases in performance-based compensation costs, investments in certain global corporate initiatives, the impact of employment contract extensions of certain key senior client-service professionals in our Economics Consulting segment, and investments in hiring key personnel in our FLC health solutions practice.

 

24


Net Income (Loss)

Net income for the three months ended September 30, 2014 increased $73.1 million to $22.5 million, compared to a net loss of $50.6 million in the same prior year period. Net income for the quarter was impacted by the segment results and the special charges described above. Net loss for the prior year quarter was impacted by $10.4 million of special charges as well as by an $83.8 million goodwill impairment charge for our Strategic Communications segment.

Earnings per diluted share and Adjusted EPS

Earnings per diluted share for the three months ended September 30, 2014 increased $1.85 to $0.55 from a loss per diluted share of $1.29 in the same prior year period. Earnings per diluted share for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 were impacted by the results as outlined above, including the impact of the special charge of $5.3 million recorded in the quarter. Loss per diluted common share for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 of $1.29 included the impact of the $83.8 million goodwill impairment charge for our Strategic Communications segment and the impact of the special charges of $6.8 million.

Adjusted earnings per diluted share for the three months ended September 30, 2014 were $0.63 as compared to $0.72 in the same prior year period.

Liquidity highlights

Cash provided by operating activities increased $13.2 million, or 15.6%, to $97.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 compared to $84.4 million for the same prior year period, primarily as a result of higher revenue driven cash collections partially offset by increased payments for compensation and other operating expenses. Days sales outstanding (“DSO”), which is one measure of the collections cycle, was 107 days at September 30, 2014 and 102 days at September 30, 2013. DSO for the third quarter compared to the same prior year period has been impacted by the mix of revenues between our segments and extended payment terms, which have been granted to certain large scale engagements.

Headcount

As of September 30, 2014, our total headcount of 4,336 increased by 206 employees from 4,130 as of September 30, 2013.

We increased the number of non-billable employees by 61, from 983 as of December 31, 2013 to 1,044 as of September 30, 2014. Billable headcount additions for the nine-months ended September 30, 2014 are referenced in the table below.

 

     Corporate Finance/
Restructuring
    Forensic and
Litigation
Consulting
     Economic
Consulting
     Technology      Strategic
Communications
    Total  

Billable Headcount

               

December 31, 2013

     737        1,061         530         306         590        3,224   

Additions (reductions), net

     (15     74         21         29         (41     68   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

September 30, 2014

     722        1,135         551         335         549        3,292   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

25


CONSOLIDATED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Segment and Consolidated Operating Results:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2014     2013     2014     2013  
     (in thousands, except
per share amounts)
   

(in thousands, except

per share amounts)

 

Revenues

        

Corporate Finance/Restructuring

   $ 100,041      $ 93,981      $ 298,043      $ 289,775   

Forensic and Litigation Consulting

     121,732        113,068        362,242        318,912   

Economic Consulting

     120,494        113,069        344,572        339,277   

Technology

     62,359        51,201        183,142        149,101   

Strategic Communications

     46,552        43,324        143,055        139,369   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Revenues

   $ 451,178      $ 414,643      $ 1,331,054      $ 1,236,434   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

        

Corporate Finance/Restructuring

   $ 13,406      $ 10,590      $ 39,081      $ 48,725   

Forensic and Litigation Consulting

     20,276        21,915        66,517        52,194   

Economic Consulting

     17,245        21,708        46,515        66,233   

Technology

     13,741        9,755        37,712        29,129   

Strategic Communications

     4,875        (81,490     9,910        (76,369
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total segment operating income (loss)

     69,543        (17,522     199,735        119,912   

Unallocated corporate expenses

     (23,072     (18,077     (74,215     (49,923
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

     46,471        (35,599     125,520        69,989   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

        

Interest income and other

     1,014        1,152        3,465        1,702   

Interest expense

     (12,634     (12,814     (38,197     (38,600
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     (11,620     (11,662     (34,732     (36,898
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax provision

     34,851        (47,261     90,788        33,091   

Income tax provision

     12,329        3,360        32,902        36,546   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 22,522      $ (50,621   $ 57,886      $ (3,455
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share—basic

   $ 0.57      $ (1.29   $ 1.46      $ (0.09
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share—diluted

   $ 0.55      $ (1.29   $ 1.43      $ (0.09
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

26


Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2014      2013     2014     2013  
     (in thousands)     (in thousands)  

Net income (loss)

   $ 22,522       $ (50,621   $ 57,886      $ (3,455

Add back:

         

Income tax provision

     12,329         3,360        32,902        36,546   

Other income (expense), net

     11,620         11,662        34,732        36,898   

Depreciation and amortization

     8,179         8,196        25,180        24,218   

Amortization of other intangible assets

     3,398         5,776        11,466        17,293   

Special charges

     5,347         10,419        14,711        10,846   

Remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration

     —           —          (2,383     (8,216

Goodwill impairment charge

     —           83,752        —          83,752   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 63,395       $ 72,544      $ 174,494      $ 197,882   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted Net Income and Earnings Per Share to Adjusted EPS:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2014      2013     2014     2013  
     (in thousands,
except per share
amounts)
    (in thousands,
except per share
amounts)
 

Net income (loss)

   $ 22,522       $ (50,621   $ 57,886      $ (3,455

Add back:

         

Special charges, net of tax effect (1)

     3,154         6,847        8,676        7,100   

Goodwill impairment charges (2)

     —           83,752        —          83,752   

Remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration, net of tax effect (3)

     —           —          (1,514     (8,216

Less:

         

Interim period impact of including goodwill impairment charges in the annual effective tax rate, net of tax

     —           (10,805     —          (10,805
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted Net Income

   $ 25,676       $ 29,173      $ 65,048      $ 68,376   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share—diluted

   $ 0.55       $ (1.29   $ 1.43      $ (0.09

Add back:

         

Special charges, net of tax effect (1)

     0.08         0.18        0.21        0.18   

Goodwill impairment charges (2)

     —           2.14        —          2.14   

Remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration, net of tax effect (3)

     —           —          (0.04     (0.21

Less:

         

Interim period impact of including goodwill impairment charges in the annual effective tax rate, net of tax

     —           (0.27     —          (0.28

Impact of denominator for diluted EPS (4)

     —           (0.04     —          (0.05
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EPS

   $ 0.63       $ 0.72      $ 1.60      $ 1.69   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding—diluted

     40,819         40,244        40,608        40,385   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

The tax effect takes into account the tax treatment and related tax rate(s) that apply to each adjustment in the applicable tax jurisdiction(s). As a result, the effective tax rate for the adjustments related to special charges for

 

27


  the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 was 41.0%. The tax expense related to the adjustment for special charges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $2.2 million, or a $0.05 impact on diluted earnings per share, and $6.0 million, or a $0.15 impact on diluted earnings per share, respectively. The effective tax rates for the adjustments related to special charges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 were 34.3% and 34.5%, respectively. The tax expense related to the adjustment for special charges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 was $3.6 million, or a $0.09 impact on diluted earnings per share, and $3.7 million, or $0.10 impact on diluted earnings per share, respectively.

 

(2) 

The goodwill impairment charge was non-deductible for income tax purposes and resulted in no tax benefit for the year ended December 31, 2013.

 

(3) 

The tax effect takes into account the tax treatment and related tax rate(s) that apply to each adjustment in the applicable tax jurisdiction(s). As a result, the effective tax rates for the adjustments related to the remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was 36.5%. The tax expense related to the remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $0.9 million, or a $0.02 impact on diluted earnings per share. The adjustment related to remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 was not taxable. There were no adjustments related to remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013.

 

(4) 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company reported a net loss. For those periods, the number of basic weighted average shares outstanding equals the number of diluted weighted average shares outstanding for purposes of calculating GAAP earnings per share because potentially dilutive securities would be antidilutive. For non-GAAP purposes, the total per share and share amounts presented herein reflect the impact of the inclusion of share-based awards that are considered dilutive based on the impact of the add backs included in Adjusted Net Income above.

Three Months Ended September 30, 2014 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2013

Revenues and operating income

See “Segment Results” for an expanded discussion of segment revenues and operating income.

Unallocated corporate expenses

Unallocated corporate expenses increased $5.0 million, or 27.6%, to $23.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 from $18.1 million for the same prior year period. Excluding the impact of special charges of $4.9 million in the three months ended September 30, 2014 and $2.1 million in the three months ended September 30, 2013, unallocated corporate expenses increased $2.2 million, or 13.8%. The increase was primarily due to higher costs related to performance based compensation for U.S. and regional personnel and increased resources to assess and evaluate certain strategic initiatives, partially offset by lower costs related to corporate executives and the termination of the airplane lease.

Interest income and other

Interest income and other, which includes foreign currency transaction gains and losses, decreased by $0.2 million, or 16.7%, to $1.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 from $1.2 million for the same prior year period. The decrease was primarily due to an increase in net foreign currency transaction losses of $2.2 million in the period ended September 30, 2014 as compared to the net losses of $0.1 million in the same prior year period. Transaction gains and losses, both realized and unrealized, relate to the remeasurement or settlement of monetary assets and liabilities that are denominated in a currency other than an entity’s functional currency. These monetary assets and liabilities include both client and current intercompany receivables and payables. In addition, the quarter ended September 30, 2014 included a $1.2 million gain related to an insurance settlement.

 

28


Interest expense

Interest expense decreased $0.2 million, or 1.6%, to $12.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 from $12.8 million for the same prior year period. Interest expense in 2014 was favorably impacted by lower average borrowings.

Special charges

During the three months ended September 30, 2014, we recorded special charges of $5.3 million. The special charges consisted of $4.5 million contractual post-employment payments and equity award expense acceleration, net of forfeitures of unvested equity and liability awards and annual bonus payments, related to the departures of the Company’s former Chief Financial Officer, former Executive Vice President and Chairman of North America and former Chairman of the EMEA region, and $0.8 million related to updated forecasts of expected sublease income for corporate and segment offices previously vacated.

During the three months ended September 30, 2013, we recorded special charges totaling $10.4 million, of which $3.1 million was non-cash. The charges primarily reflect actions we took to realign our workforce to address current business demands impacting our Corporate Finance and FLC segments and to reduce certain corporate overhead within our EMEA region. The special charges consisted of $10.2 million of salary continuance and other contractual employee related costs associated with the reduction in workforce of 45 employees, and $0.2 million of costs to consolidate leased office space within one location and to adjust prior special charges for changes to sublease terms and associated costs. The following table details the special charges by segment for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:

 

     Three Months Ended  
     September 30,      September 30,  
     2014      2013  
     (in thousands)  
     Special
Charges
     Special
Charges
 

Corporate Finance/Restructuring

   $ 84       $ 6,331   

Forensic and Litigation Consulting

     308         1,938   

Economic Consulting

     12         15   

Technology

     19         2   

Strategic Communications

     3         2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     426         8,288   

Unallocated Corporate

     4,921         2,131   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 5,347       $ 10,419   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income tax provision

Our provision for income taxes in interim periods is computed by applying our estimated annual effective tax rate against income before income tax expense for the period. In addition, non-recurring or discrete items are recorded during the period in which they occur or become known. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2014 is 35.4%. For the three months ended September 30, 2014, there were no discrete items recorded. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2013 was not meaningful due to the impact of the non-deductible goodwill impairment charge of $83.8 million. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2013, excluding the impact of the goodwill impairment charge, and a discrete item related to the settlement of a foreign audit would have been 38.0%.

 

29


Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013

Revenues and operating income

See “Segment Results” for an expanded discussion of segment revenues and operating income.

Unallocated corporate expenses

Unallocated corporate expenses increased $24.3 million, or 48.7%, to $74.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from $49.9 million for the same prior year period. Excluding the impact of special charges of $14.3 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and $2.2 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2013, unallocated corporate expenses increased $12.3 million, or 25.7%. The increase was primarily due to higher costs related to performance based compensation for U.S. and regional personnel and increased resources to assess and evaluate certain strategic initiatives, partially offset by lower costs related to corporate executives and the termination of the airplane lease.

Interest income and other

Interest income and other, which includes foreign currency transaction gains and losses, increased by $1.8 million, or 105.9%, to $3.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from $1.7 million for the same prior year period. The increase in interest income and other was primarily due to $1.2 million gain related to an insurance settlement in the nine months ended September 30, 2014.

Interest expense

Interest expense decreased $0.4 million, or 1%, to $38.2 million, for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, from $38.6 million for the same prior year period. Interest expense in 2014 was favorably impacted by lower average borrowings.

Special charges

During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we recorded special charges of $14.7 million. The special charges consisted of:

 

   

$4.5 million contractual post-employment payments and equity award expense acceleration, net of forfeitures of unvested equity and liability awards and annual bonus payments, related to the departures of the Company’s former Chief Financial Officer, former Executive Vice President and Chairman of North America and former Chairman of the EMEA region.

 

   

$7.9 million related to the termination of the Company’s corporate airplane lease;

 

   

$2.3 million related to the closure of the Company’s former West Palm Beach executive office and related lease termination, and updated forecasts of expected sublease income for corporate and segment offices previously vacated. $0.7 million of these charges were non-cash.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, we recorded special charges totaling $10.8 million, of which $3.1 million was non-cash. The charges primarily reflect actions we took to realign our workforce to address current business demands impacting our Corporate Finance and FLC segments and to reduce certain corporate overhead within our EMEA region. The special charges consist of $10.2 million of salary continuance and other contractual employee related costs associated with the reduction in workforce of 45 employees and $0.6 million of costs to consolidate leased office space within one location and to adjust prior special charges for changes to sublease terms and employee termination costs.

 

30


The following table details the special charges by segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:

 

     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,      September 30,  
         2014              2013      
     (in thousands)  
     Special
Charges
     Special
Charges
 

Corporate Finance/Restructuring

   $ 84       $ 6,399   

Forensic and Litigation Consulting

     308         2,111   

Economic Consulting

     12         11   

Technology

     19         16   

Strategic Communications

     3         66   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     426         8,603   

Unallocated Corporate

     14,285         2,243   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 14,711       $ 10,846   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income tax provision

Our provision for income taxes in interim periods is computed by applying our estimated annual effective tax rate against income before income tax expense for the period. In addition, non-recurring or discrete items are recorded during the period in which they occur or become known. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 is 36.2%. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the effective tax rate was not materially impacted by discrete items recorded. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 was not meaningful due to the impact of the non-deductible goodwill impairment charge of $83.8 million. For the nine months ended September 30, 2013, we recorded a deferred tax valuation reserve related to foreign tax credits, primarily due to lower forecasted foreign earnings, resulting in a discrete increase to the income tax provision in the amount of $6.9 million. We also recognized the impact of a discrete benefit related to the favorable resolution of an income tax contingency in the amount of $2.2 million. Excluding the impact of this discrete item and the non-deductible goodwill impairment charge, the effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 would have been 36.4%.

 

31


SEGMENT RESULTS

Total Adjusted Segment EBITDA

The following table reconciles net income to Total Segment Operating Income and Total Adjusted Segment EBITDA for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013.

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2014              2013             2014             2013      
     (in thousands)     (in thousands)  

Net income (loss)

   $ 22,522       $ (50,621   $ 57,886      $ (3,455

Add back:

         

Income tax provision

     12,329         3,360        32,902        36,546   

Other income (expense), net

     11,620         11,662        34,732        36,898   

Unallocated corporate expense

     23,072         18,077        74,215        49,923   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Segment Operating Income (Loss)

   $ 69,543       $ (17,522   $ 199,735      $ 119,912   

Add back:

         

Segment depreciation expense

     7,293         7,112        22,353        20,932   

Amortization of other intangible assets

     3,398         5,776        11,466        17,293   

Segment special charges

     426         8,288        426        8,603   

Remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration

     —           —          (2,383     (8,216

Goodwill impairment charge

     —           83,752        —          83,752   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Adjusted Segment EBITDA

   $ 80,660       $ 87,406      $ 231,597      $ 242,276   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other Segment Operating Data

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2014             2013             2014             2013      

Number of revenue-generating professionals (at period end):

        

Corporate Finance/Restructuring

     722        732        722        732   

Forensic and Litigation Consulting

     1,135        999        1,135        999   

Economic Consulting

     551        528        551        528   

Technology

     335        297        335        297   

Strategic Communications

     549        617        549        617   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue-generating professionals

     3,292        3,173        3,292        3,173   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Utilization rates of billable professionals: (1)

        

Corporate Finance/Restructuring

     70     64     71     66

Forensic and Litigation Consulting

     68     67     71     68

Economic Consulting

     77     79     77     84

Average billable rate per hour: (2)

        

Corporate Finance/Restructuring

   $ 396      $ 396      $ 388      $ 407   

Forensic and Litigation Consulting

     323        324        323        315   

Economic Consulting

     535        512        517        509   

 

(1) 

We calculate the utilization rate for our billable professionals by dividing the number of hours that all of our billable professionals worked on client assignments during a period by the total available working hours for all of our billable professionals during the same period. Available hours are determined by the standard hours worked by each employee, adjusted for part-time hours, local country standard work weeks and local country holidays. Available working hours include vacation and professional training days, but exclude

 

32


  holidays. Utilization rates are presented for our segments that primarily bill clients on an hourly basis. We have not presented a utilization rate for our Technology and Strategic Communications segments as most of the revenues of these segments are not generated on an hourly basis.

 

(2) 

For engagements where revenues are based on number of hours worked by our billable professionals, average billable rate per hour is calculated by dividing revenues (excluding revenues from success fees, pass-through and outside consultants) for a period by the number of hours worked on client assignments during the same period. We have not presented an average billable rate per hour for our Technology and Strategic Communications segments as most of the revenues of these segments are not based on billable hours.

CORPORATE FINANCE/RESTRUCTURING

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2014             2013             2014             2013      
     (dollars in thousands,
except rate per hour)
    (dollars in thousands,
except rate per hour)
 

Revenues

   $ 100,041      $ 93,981      $ 298,043      $ 289,775   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

        

Direct cost of revenues

     66,276        58,424        197,755        180,373   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     19,047        16,779        57,024        54,199   

Special charges

     84        6,331        84        6,399   

Acquisition-related contingent consideration

     53        295        (502     (4,866

Amortization of other intangible assets

     1,175        1,562        4,601        4,945   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     86,635        83,391        258,962        241,050   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment operating income

     13,406        10,590        39,081        48,725   

Add back:

        

Depreciation and amortization of intangible assets

     2,044        2,481        7,115        7,486   

Special charges

     84        6,331        84        6,399   

Remeasurement of acquisition-related contingent consideration

     —          —          (662     (6,275
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted Segment EBITDA

   $ 15,534      $ 19,402      $ 45,618      $ 56,335   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit (1)

   $ 33,765      $ 35,557      $ 100,288      $ 109,402   

Gross profit margin (2)

     33.8     37.8     33.6     37.8

Adjusted Segment EBITDA as a percent of revenues

     15.5     20.6     15.3     19.4

Number of revenue generating professionals (at period end)

     722        732        722        732   

Utilization rates of billable professionals

     70     64     71     66

Average billable rate per hour (3)

   $ 396      $ 396      $ 388      $ 407   

 

(1) 

Revenues less direct cost of revenues

 

(2) 

Gross profit as a percent of revenues

 

33


Three Months Ended September 30, 2014 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2013

Revenues increased $6.1 million, or 6.4%, to $100.0 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 compared to $94.0 million for the same prior year period. The increase in revenues was due to increased demand for non-distressed work in our North America businesses and growth in our European transaction advisory and tax practices; partially offset by declines in global bankruptcy and restructuring work.

Gross profit decreased $1.8 million, or 5.0%, to $33.8 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 compared to $35.6 million for the same prior year period. Gross profit margin decreased to 33.8% for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 compared to 37.8% for the same prior year period. The decrease in gross profit margin was due to the overall decline on higher margin global bankruptcy and restructuring work and increased performance based compensation, partially offset by increased demand for non-distressed engagements.

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expense increased $2.3 million, or 13.5%, to $19.0 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 compared to $16.8 million for the same prior year period. SG&A expense was 19.0% of revenues for the quarter ended September 30, 2014, compared to 17.9% for the same prior year period. The increase in SG&A expense was due to higher bad debt expense and higher legal costs in Asia Pacific and EMEA related to regional restructuring.

Amortization of other intangible assets was $1.2 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 compared to $1.6 million for the same prior year period.

Adjusted Segment EBITDA decreased $3.9 million, or 19.9%, to $15.5 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 compared to $19.4 million for the same prior year period.

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013

Revenues increased $8.3 million, or 2.9%, to $298.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to $289.8 million for the same prior year period, including $4.4 million, or 1.5%, from acquisitions as compared to the same prior year period. Revenues increased organically $3.9 million, or 1.3%, primarily due to higher volume in our EMEA practice and growth in non-distressed engagements in North America, partially offset by continued slowdown in our global bankruptcy and restructuring practices and lower average realized bill rates in our North America, Asia Pacific and EMEA practices.

Gross profit decreased $9.1 million, or 8.3%, to $100.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to $109.4 million for the same prior year period. Gross profit margin decreased to 33.6% for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to 37.8% for the same prior year period. The decrease in gross profit margin was due to slowdown in global bankruptcy and restructuring activity, continued investments in our European transaction advisory practice, and higher performance-based compensation expense.

SG&A expense increased $2.8 million, or 5.2%, to $57.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to $54.2 million for the same prior year period. SG&A expense was 19.1% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to 18.7% for the same prior year period. The increase in SG&A expense was due to increased bad debt expense, additional overhead costs related to acquired practices, and the investment in the European transaction advisory practice partially offset by the absence of the non-recurring acquisition costs of $1.8 million recorded in the same prior year period.

Amortization of other intangible assets was $4.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to $4.9 million for the same prior year period.

Adjusted Segment EBITDA decreased $10.7 million, or 19.0%, to $45.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to $56.3 million for the same prior year period.

 

34


FORENSIC AND LITIGATION CONSULTING

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2014             2013             2014             2013      
     <