Document

 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to            
Commission file number 001-33998
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Kentucky
61-0156015
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
600 North Hurstbourne Parkway, Suite 400 Louisville, Kentucky 40222
(502) 636-4400
(Address of principal executive offices) (zip code)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
x
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
 
Smaller reporting company
o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ¨    No  x
The number of shares outstanding of Registrant’s common stock at July 28, 2016 was 16,588,849 shares.
 
 
 



CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
INDEX TO QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
For the Quarter Ended June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2


PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(in millions)
June 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
55.1

 
$
74.5

Restricted cash
31.5

 
29.7

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $3.4 at June 30, 2016 and $3.8 at December 31, 2015
61.5

 
67.8

Income taxes receivable

 
1.0

Software development, net
10.0

 
7.1

Other current assets
51.5

 
39.5

Total current assets
209.6

 
219.6

Property and equipment, net
577.9

 
573.2

Software development, net
3.8

 
3.2

Investment in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates
130.4

 
129.7

Goodwill
841.7

 
841.7

Other intangible assets, net
471.7

 
496.2

Other assets
13.0

 
13.8

Total assets
$
2,248.1

 
$
2,277.4

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
74.4

 
$
39.1

Purses payable
22.8

 
12.1

Account wagering deposit liabilities
23.5

 
20.4

Accrued expenses
97.5

 
97.9

Income taxes payable
36.8

 

Tax refund due to Big Fish Games former equity holders
0.4

 
0.4

Deferred revenue - Big Fish Games
90.1

 
81.3

Deferred revenue - all other
12.3

 
46.0

Big Fish Games deferred payment, current
28.3

 
28.1

Big Fish Games earnout liability, current
33.7

 
279.5

Current maturities of long-term debt
11.8

 
16.2

Dividends payable

 
19.1

Total current liabilities
431.6

 
640.1

Long-term debt (net of current maturities and loan origination fees of $0.6 at both June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015)
319.7

 
171.9

Notes payable (including premium of $2.7 at June 30, 2016 and $3.0 at December 31, 2015 and net of debt issuance costs of $8.5 at June 30, 2016 and $9.3 at December 31, 2015)
594.2

 
593.7

Big Fish Games deferred payment, net of current amount due
27.3

 
26.7

Big Fish Games earnout liability, net of current amount due
32.9

 
65.7

Deferred revenue - all other
21.4

 
16.1

Deferred income taxes
126.0

 
127.9

Other liabilities
15.2

 
18.1

Total liabilities
1,568.3

 
1,660.2

Commitments and contingencies

 

Shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, no par value; 0.3 shares authorized; no shares issued

 

Common stock, no par value; 50.0 shares authorized; 16.6 shares issued at June 30, 2016 and 16.6 shares issued at December 31, 2015
123.8

 
134.0

Retained earnings
556.4

 
483.8

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(0.4
)
 
(0.6
)
Total shareholders' equity
679.8

 
617.2

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
2,248.1

 
$
2,277.4

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


 CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions, except per common share data)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Racing
$
156.1

 
$
155.4

 
$
182.3

 
$
179.2

Casinos
84.4

 
83.8

 
170.9

 
169.8

TwinSpires
68.2

 
60.7

 
117.6

 
106.1

Big Fish Games
125.2

 
104.5

 
247.3

 
196.4

Other Investments
4.4

 
4.5

 
8.4

 
8.1

Corporate
0.2

 
0.3

 
0.4

 
0.5

Total net revenue
438.5


409.2

 
726.9

 
660.1

Operating expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Racing
72.3

 
75.1

 
107.9

 
111.3

Casinos
60.4

 
61.0

 
121.4

 
122.1

TwinSpires
41.4

 
38.1

 
76.0

 
70.7

Big Fish Games
105.6

 
83.4

 
215.0

 
165.6

Other Investments
4.1

 
3.9

 
8.0

 
7.7

Corporate
0.4

 
0.8

 
1.0

 
1.8

Selling, general and administrative expense
24.6

 
22.1

 
47.7

 
43.6

Research and development
9.7

 
9.9

 
20.5

 
20.1

Calder exit costs
1.5

 
0.8

 
1.9

 
0.8

Acquisition-related charges
1.1

 
8.2

 
3.8

 
14.6

Total operating expense
321.1

 
303.3

 
603.2

 
558.3

Operating income
117.4

 
105.9

 
123.7

 
101.8

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income

 

 

 
0.2

Interest expense
(11.1
)
 
(7.1
)
 
(21.7
)
 
(14.6
)
Equity in income of unconsolidated investments
4.8

 
2.9

 
8.6

 
5.9

Miscellaneous, net
0.4

 

 
(0.1
)
 
5.6

Total other income (expense)
(5.9
)
 
(4.2
)
 
(13.2
)
 
(2.9
)
Income before income tax provision
111.5

 
101.7

 
110.5

 
98.9

Income tax provision
(41.7
)
 
(46.6
)
 
(37.9
)
 
(45.4
)
Net income
$
69.8

 
$
55.1

 
$
72.6

 
$
53.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per common share data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income
$
4.16

 
$
3.12

 
$
4.32

 
$
3.04

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income
$
4.11

 
$
3.10

 
$
4.27

 
$
3.02

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
16.5

 
17.3

 
16.5

 
17.3

Diluted
17.0

 
17.7

 
17.0

 
17.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation, net of tax
0.2

 
(0.1
)
 
0.2

 
(0.4
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
0.2

 
(0.1
)
 
0.2

 
(0.4
)
Comprehensive income
$
70.0

 
$
55.0

 
$
72.8

 
$
53.1

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
72.6

 
$
53.5

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
53.9

 
54.7

Software development amortization
7.5

 
3.1

Acquisition-related charges
3.8

 
14.6

Gain on sale of equity investment

 
(5.8
)
Dividend from investment in unconsolidated affiliates
8.2

 
7.5

Big Fish Games earnout payment
(19.7
)
 

Equity in income of unconsolidated investments
(8.6
)
 
(5.9
)
Stock-based compensation
9.4

 
6.1

Other
1.1

 
1.5

Increase (decrease) in cash resulting from changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of business acquisitions and dispositions:
 
 
 
Other current assets and liabilities
20.2

 
11.6

Software development
(10.1
)
 
(11.2
)
Income taxes
35.8

 
62.1

Deferred revenue
(4.2
)
 
0.4

Other assets and liabilities
(3.1
)
 
2.0

Net cash provided by operating activities
166.8

 
194.2

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Additions to property and equipment
(34.5
)
 
(22.7
)
Deferred payments to Big Fish Games former equity holders

 
(1.0
)
Acquisition of gaming licenses
(2.5
)
 

Proceeds from sale of equity investment
1.4

 
6.0

Other

 
(0.3
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(35.6
)
 
(18.0
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Borrowings on bank line of credit
442.1

 
189.9

Repayments of bank line of credit
(298.8
)
 
(346.5
)
Big Fish Games earnout payment
(261.9
)
 

Tax refund payments to Big Fish Games equity holders

 
(11.8
)
Payment of dividends
(19.1
)
 
(17.4
)
Repurchase of common stock
(17.6
)
 
(5.9
)
Windfall tax provision from stock-based compensation

 
3.1

Loan origination fees and debt issuance costs
(1.4
)
 

Other
5.8

 
5.3

Net cash used in financing activities
(150.9
)
 
(183.3
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(19.7
)
 
(7.1
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash flows
0.3

 
(1.6
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
74.5

 
67.9

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
55.1

 
$
59.2

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)
(Unaudited)

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 
Interest
$
19.6

 
$
13.6

Income taxes
$
2.2

 
$
0.5

Schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Issuance of common stock in connection with the Company's restricted stock plans
$
18.5

 
$
16.2

Repurchase of common stock included in accrued expenses
$
2.2

 
$

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)



NOTE 1 — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SEASONALITY
Basis of Presentation
The Churchill Downs Incorporated (the "Company", "we", "us", "our") financial statements are presented in conformity with the requirements of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and consequently do not include all of the disclosures normally required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") or those normally made in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. The year-end Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet data was derived from audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP.
The following information is unaudited. Tabular dollars are in millions, except as otherwise noted. All per share amounts assume dilution unless otherwise noted. This report should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.
In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of this information have been made, and all such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, reclassifications of certain food & beverage operations between Fair Grounds and Fair Grounds Slots were made to conform with the current year presentation. Adjusted EBITDA, a measure of our operating segment results, for our joint venture, Miami Valley Gaming ("MVG"), and our equity investment, Saratoga Casino Holdings LLC ("SCH") was reclassified to exclude depreciation and amortization expense from our Casinos segment Adjusted EBITDA. There was no impact from these reclassifications on net income or cash flows.
Our critical accounting policies are revenue recognition, goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, property and equipment and income taxes. Our significant accounting policies are more fully described in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Operating Segment Reclassifications
On January 1, 2016, we realigned our Churchill Downs Interactive Gaming ("I-Gaming") and Bluff Media ("Bluff") operations from our Other Investments segment to our TwinSpires segment to correspond with internal management reporting changes. Prior period segment financial information has been reclassified to conform to the 2016 presentation.
Game Technology and Rights
Software game development costs for Big Fish Games includes costs for internally developed and purchased third party software for free-to-play games and premium game software purchased from third parties.
Costs associated with internally developed social casino and free-to-play game software that allows the user to access content in an online mode only are capitalized according to the accounting guidance governing computer software developed or obtained for internal use. Any costs incurred during preliminary project stages are expensed; costs incurred during the application development stages are capitalized as software development and costs incurred during the post-implementation/operation stages are expensed.  Once the software is placed in operation, we amortize the capitalized software cost as an operating expense over its estimated economic useful life, which is typically 18 months to three years.
Costs associated with internally developed free-to-play game software that allows the user to access content in both an online and offline mode are capitalized as software development once technological feasibility of the software has been established.  Once the software is placed in operation, we amortize the capitalized software as an operating expense over its estimated economic useful life, which is typically 18 months.  Generally, the software we develop reaches technological feasibility when a detailed program design of the software is available.  Any costs prior to the establishment of technological feasibility are expensed when incurred as research and development costs.  In addition, enhancements to existing games that increase the functionality of the game are capitalized as software development and amortized as an operating expense over the game’s estimated economic useful life which is typically 18 months.
Purchased third party free-to-play game software is capitalized as software development and amortized, once placed into service, over the game’s estimated economic useful life, which is typically 18 months.
Purchased third party software for premium games is capitalized as software development, and amortized, once placed into service, over the game’s estimated economic useful life, which is typically 12 months. 
Internal use software costs for TwinSpires, I-Gaming and Big Fish Games software are capitalized in property and equipment, in accordance with accounting guidance governing computer software developed or obtained for internal use.   Once the software is placed in operation, we amortize the capitalized software as depreciation and amortization over its estimated economic useful life, which is generally three years.  
Research & development expenditures are expensed as incurred.

7


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Seasonality
Racing
Due to the seasonal nature of our live racing business, revenue and operating results for any interim quarter are generally not indicative of the revenues and operating results for the year and may not be comparable with results for the corresponding period of the previous year. Historically, we have had fewer live racing days during the first quarter of each year, and the majority of our live racing revenue occurs during the second quarter, with the running of the Kentucky Derby and the Kentucky Oaks. We conducted 61 live thoroughbred racing days during the second quarter of 2016, which compares to 66 live thoroughbred racing days during the second quarter of 2015. For the six months ended June 30, 2016, we conducted 115 live thoroughbred racing days, which compares to 123 live racing days during the six months ended June 30, 2015.
Casinos
Casino revenue and earnings have historically been higher during the first quarter due to seasonal revenue from our predominately southern casino properties.
TwinSpires
Due to the seasonal nature of the racing business, revenue and operating results for any interim quarter are generally not indicative of the revenues and operating results for the year and may not be comparable with results for the corresponding period of the previous year. Historically, our revenue is higher in the second quarter with the running of the Kentucky Derby and the Kentucky Oaks.
Big Fish Games
Revenue from our Big Fish Games, Inc. ("Big Fish Games") segment also have a seasonal component and are typically lower during the summer months.
NOTE 2 — RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which introduces a new model for recognizing credit losses on financial instruments based on an estimate of current expected credit losses. The new model will apply to: (1) loans, accounts receivable, trade receivables, and other financial assets measured at amortized cost, (2) loan commitments and certain other off-balance sheet credit exposures, (3) debt securities and other financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income, and (4) beneficial interests in securitized financial assets. The guidance will become effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2019. We do not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material impact on our financial statements.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which simplifies various aspects related to share-based payments. Previously, tax benefits in excess of compensation cost ("windfalls") were recorded as an increase to shareholders' equity. Under the new ASU, windfalls are recorded as a component of income tax expense. ASU 2016-09 also requires that tax-related cash flows resulting from share-based payments be reported as a part of cash flows from operating activities. We early adopted this guidance, prospectively, as of January 1, 2016 and during the six months ended June 30, 2016 recognized an income tax benefit of $3.1 million which was recorded as a component of income taxes in cash flows provided by operating activities in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. Prior to adoption of this ASU, windfalls were presented as a component of cash flows from financing activities. Upon the adoption of this ASU, we elected to account for forfeitures when incurred under a modified retrospective approach which did not impact our financial statements. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on diluted earnings per share.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases, which requires companies to generally recognize on the balance sheet operating and financing lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use assets. ASU 2016-02 is effective for us in our first quarter of fiscal 2019 on a modified retrospective basis and earlier adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2016-02 on our condensed consolidated financial statements and we currently expect that most of our operating lease commitments will be subject to the new standard and recognized as operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets upon our adoption of ASU 2016-02.
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern, which explicitly requires management to assess an entity's ability to continue as a going concern, and to provide related footnote disclosures in certain circumstances. Management will be required to assess, in each interim and annual period, if there is substantial doubt of an entity's ability to continue as a going concern as evidenced by relevant known or knowable conditions including an entity's ability to meet its future obligations. Management will be required to provide disclosures regardless of whether substantial doubt is alleviated by management's plans. The guidance will become effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016.

8


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which provides a five-step analysis of transactions to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The core principle is that a company should recognize revenue in a manner that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The revised guidance will become effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and will be applied retrospectively to each period presented or as a cumulative- effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. We are assessing the impact of the new accounting guidance and currently cannot estimate the financial statement impact of adoption.
NOTE 3 — CALDER EXIT COSTS
On July 1, 2014, we finalized an agreement with The Stronach Group ("TSG") that expires on December 31, 2020 under which we permit TSG to operate and manage the racetrack of Calder Race Course, Inc. ("Calder") and certain other racing and training facilities and to provide live horseracing under Calder’s racing permits. During the term of the agreement, TSG pays Calder a racing services fee and is responsible for the direct and indirect costs of maintaining the racing premises, including the training facilities and applicable barns, and TSG receives the associated revenue from the operation.
During 2015, we assessed potential alternative uses of the Calder property that were not associated with the TSG lease agreement. Based on our analysis, we razed the barns that were not associated with the TSG agreement and commenced the demolition of the grandstand and certain ancillary facilities. In the six months ended June 30, 2016, we recognized Calder exit costs of $1.9 million for demolition costs related to the removal of the grandstand. We expect to obtain operational efficiencies as a result of the demolition including savings in property taxes, repair and maintenance, utilities, permitting and environmental maintenance expenditures.
NOTE 4 — INVESTMENT IN AND ADVANCES TO UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES
In March 2012, we entered into a 50% joint venture with Delaware North Companies Gaming & Entertainment Inc. ("DNC") to develop a new harness racetrack and video lottery terminal ("VLT") gaming facility in Lebanon, Ohio. Through the joint venture agreement, we formed a new company, MVG, to manage both our and DNC’s interests in the development and operation of the racetrack and VLT gaming facility. On December 21, 2012, MVG completed the purchase of the harness racing licenses and certain assets held by Lebanon Trotting Club Inc. and Miami Valley Trotting Inc. ("MVG Sellers") for total consideration of $60.0 million, of which $10.0 million was funded at closing with the remainder funded through a $50.0 million note payable with a six year term effective upon the commencement of gaming operations. There is a potential contingent consideration payment of $10.0 million based on the financial performance of the facility during the seven-year period after casino operations commence.
On December 12, 2013, the facility opened in Lebanon, Ohio on a 120-acre site. The facility includes a 5/8-mile harness racing track and a 186,000-square-foot casino facility with approximately 1,630 VLTs.
Since both we and DNC have participating rights over MVG, and both must consent to MVG's operating, investing and financing decisions, we account for MVG using the equity method. Summarized financial information for MVG is comprised of the following:
(in millions)
June 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets
$
14.3

 
$
24.5

Property and equipment, net
114.5

 
119.7

Other assets, net
107.2

 
106.6

Total assets
$
236.0

 
$
250.8

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Members' Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities
$
10.5

 
$
21.6

Current portion of long-term debt
8.3

 
8.3

Long-term debt, excluding current portion
17.3

 
20.5

Other liabilities
0.1

 
0.1

Members' equity
199.8

 
200.3

Total liabilities and members' equity
$
236.0

 
$
250.8


9


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Casino revenue
$
36.6

 
$
33.2

 
$
72.6

 
$
65.1

Non-casino revenue
2.0

 
1.8

 
4.0

 
3.8

Net revenue
38.6

 
35.0

 
76.6

 
68.9

Operating and SG&A expense
26.5

 
25.0

 
53.3

 
49.6

Depreciation & amortization expense
3.3

 
3.2

 
6.5

 
6.3

Operating income
8.8

 
6.8

 
16.8

 
13.0

Interest and other expense, net
(0.9
)
 
(1.1
)
 
(1.8
)
 
(2.2
)
Net income
$
7.9

 
$
5.7

 
$
15.0

 
$
10.8

The joint venture's long-term debt consists of a $50.0 million amortizing secured note payable from MVG to the MVG Sellers payable quarterly over 6 years through November 2019 at a 5.0% interest rate. We received distributions from MVG totaling $3.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and $7.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016.
Our 50% share of MVG's results has been included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Equity in income of unconsolidated investments
$
3.9

 
$
2.8

 
$
7.5

 
$
5.4

NOTE 5 — GOODWILL AND INDEFINITE-LIVED INTANGIBLE ASSETS IMPAIRMENT TEST
We performed our annual goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible impairment analysis for 2016 in accordance with ASU No. 2011-08, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other: Testing Goodwill for Impairment and ASU No. 2012-02, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other: Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment as of March 31, 2016, and no adjustment to the carrying value of goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets was required. We assessed goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets by performing step one fair value calculations on a quantitative basis for each reporting unit and indefinite-lived intangible asset. We concluded that the fair values of our reporting units and indefinite-lived intangible assets exceeded their carrying value and therefore step two of the assessment was not required.
Goodwill is comprised of the following:
(in millions)
Racing
 
Casinos
 
TwinSpires
 
Big Fish Games
 
Total
Balances as of December 31, 2015
$
51.7

 
$
117.6

 
$
132.1

 
$
540.3

 
$
841.7

Adjustments

 

 

 

 

Balances as of June 30, 2016
$
51.7

 
$
117.6

 
$
132.1

 
$
540.3

 
$
841.7

The carrying amount of goodwill of our reporting segments has been retrospectively adjusted to conform to the 2016 presentation as discussed in Note 1.
Other intangible assets are comprised of the following:
 
June 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
(in millions)
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
Definite-lived intangible assets
$
218.7

 
$
(105.3
)
 
$
113.4

 
$
224.8

 
$
(86.9
)
 
$
137.9

Indefinite-lived intangible assets
 
 
 
 
358.3

 
 
 
 
 
358.3

Total


 


 
$
471.7

 
 
 
 
 
$
496.2

In 2016, we reduced our customer relationships intangible assets and accumulated amortization for TwinSpires by $4.6 million and Big Fish Games by $1.7 million as these amounts were fully amortized. Additionally, we submitted a payment of $2.3 million for annual license fees for Calder Casino and reduced our slot license intangible asset and accumulated amortization by $2.3 million

10


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


as the previous amount was fully depreciated. Finally, we submitted a payment of $0.2 million to the State of Maine for table game fees that are being amortized over a 20-year license period.
NOTE 6 — INCOME TAXES
The income tax provision for the six months ended June 30, 2016 reflects a $3.1 million benefit resulting from the early adoption of ASU 2016-09 as described in Note 2. As a result, tax deductions from vesting restricted stock units in excess of the book deductions are being recognized as a discrete item during the six months ended June 30, 2016.
Certain tax authorities may periodically audit us, and we may occasionally be assessed interest and penalties by tax jurisdictions. We recognize accrued interest from uncertain income tax benefits in our income tax provision, while penalties are accrued in selling, general and administrative expenses. During the six months ended June 30, 2016, we did not record any interest expense related to uncertain income tax benefits. As of June 30, 2016, we had gross uncertain tax benefits of $2.8 million. If these benefits had been recognized, there would have been a $2.3 million decrease to annual income tax expense.
NOTE 7 — FAIR VALUE OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES
We endeavor to utilize the best available information in measuring fair value. Financial assets and liabilities are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The following tables present our assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 
June 30, 2016
(in millions)
Level 1
 
Level 3
Cash equivalents and restricted cash
$
30.7

 
$

Big Fish Games deferred payments

 
55.6

Big Fish Games earnout liability

 
66.6

Bluff contingent consideration liability

 
2.3

Total
$
30.7


$
124.5

 
December 31, 2015
 
Level 1
 
Level 3
Cash equivalents and restricted cash
$
30.1

 
$

Big Fish Games deferred payments

 
54.8

Big Fish Games earnout liability

 
345.2

Bluff contingent consideration liability

 
2.3

Total
$
30.1

 
$
402.3

The following table presents the change in fair value of our Level 3:
 
Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
(in millions)
Big Fish Games Deferred Payments
 
Big Fish Games Earnout Liability
 
Bluff Contingent Consideration
 
Total
Balances as of December 31, 2015
$
54.8

 
$
345.2

 
$
2.3

 
$
402.3

Payments

 
(281.6
)
 

 
(281.6
)
Change in fair value
0.8

 
3.0

 

 
3.8

Balances as of June 30, 2016
$
55.6

 
$
66.6

 
$
2.3

 
$
124.5

Our cash equivalents and restricted cash, which are held in interest-bearing accounts, qualify for Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy which includes unadjusted quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets.
We estimated the fair value of the Big Fish Games deferred payment and earnout liability as of June 30, 2016 using a discounted cash flows analysis over the period in which the obligation is expected to be settled, and applied a discount rate of 2.7% based on our cost of debt. The cost of debt was based on the observed market yields of our $600 million, 5.375% Senior Unsecured Notes ("Senior Unsecured Notes"), a Level 3 fair value measurement, and was adjusted for the difference in seniority and term of the deferred payments and earnout liability. The increase in fair values of the Big Fish Games deferred payment and earnout liability of $3.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 was recorded as acquisition-related charges in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. During 2015, Big Fish Games achieved its earnout milestones and in March

11


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


2016, we made our first earnout payment totaling $281.6 million. Changes to our cost of debt could lead to a different fair value estimate for the deferred payments and earnout liability. A one-percentage point change in the discount rate would increase or decrease the fair value of the Big Fish Games deferred payment and earnout liability by $1.2 million.
Our accrued liability for a contingent consideration recorded in conjunction with the Bluff Media ("Bluff") acquisition was based on significant inputs not observed in the market and represent a Level 3 fair value measurement. The estimate of the contingent consideration liability uses an income approach and is based on the probability of achieving enabling legislation which permits Internet poker gaming and the probability-weighted discounted cash flows. Any change in the fair value of the Bluff contingent consideration subsequent to the acquisition date will be recognized in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
We currently have no other assets or liabilities subject to fair value measurement on a recurring basis. Our $600.0 million Senior Unsecured Notes are disclosed at fair value which is based on unadjusted quoted prices for similar liabilities in markets that are not active. The fair value of the Senior Unsecured Notes was $622.5 million at June 30, 2016 and $604.1 million at December 31, 2015.
The following methods and assumptions were used in estimating our fair value disclosures for financial instruments:
Cash Equivalents—The carrying amount reported in the balance sheet for cash equivalents approximates our fair value due to the short-term maturity of these instruments.
Long-Term Debt: Senior Secured Credit Facility—The carrying amounts of the borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facility approximate fair value, based upon current interest rates and represent a Level 2 fair value measurement.
We did not measure any assets at fair value on a non-recurring basis for 2016 and 2015.
NOTE 8 — SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
In February 2016, our Board of Directors approved a continuation of the current stock repurchase program for a total of $150.0 million with no expiration. This repurchase authority includes, and is not in addition to, any unspent amounts remaining under the prior authorization. In the second quarter of 2016, we repurchased 104,045 shares of our common stock in conjunction with our stock repurchase program at a total cost of $12.8 million, based on settlement date. We have approximately $135.0 million of repurchase authority remaining under this program at June 30, 2016, based on trade date.
NOTE 9 — STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION PLANS
2016 Equity Awards
On September 22, 2015, the Board of Directors approved the adoption of the Executive Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan, pursuant to which certain named executive officers ("NEOs") and other key executives may earn variable equity payouts based upon us achieving certain key performance metrics.
On February 23, 2016, NEOs received 24,677 restricted stock units ("RSU") vesting equally over 3 service periods ending December 31, 2016, December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2018, and 29,633 performance share units ("PSU") with vesting contingent on financial performance measures at the end of a 34-month performance period ending December 31, 2018. The performance criteria for the PSUs consists of the following financial measures during the performance period: (i) cumulative Adjusted EBITDA, as defined in Note 12 - Segment Information; (ii) cumulative free cash flow; and (iii) our relative total shareholder return ("TSR"). Our TSR will be ranked versus the companies in the Russell 2000 index and will be calculated based on our relative placement against the Russell 2000 index. Measurement against these criteria will be determined against a payout curve which provides a maximum number of performance share units of 250% of the original award. The total compensation cost we will recognize under the PSUs will be based upon the results of the two financial measures. We also awarded 67,468 of restricted stock shares to other employees, the majority of which vest equally over 3 service periods ending in the first quarter of 2019.
In 2016, we recognized compensation expense of $2.1 million for 2016 awards and $7.3 million for awards granted prior to 2016. At June 30, 2016, unrecognized compensation expense attributable to unvested 2016 RSU and PSU awards was $6.2 million and unrecognized compensation expense attributable to 2016 other awards was $7.0 million.
NOTE 10 — CONTINGENCIES
We are involved in litigation arising in the ordinary course of conducting business. We carry insurance for workers' compensation claims from our employees and general liability for claims from independent contractors, customers and guests. We are self-insured up to an aggregate stop loss for our general liability and workers' compensation coverages.
We review all litigation on an ongoing basis when making accrual and disclosure decisions. For certain legal proceedings, we cannot reasonably estimate losses or a range of loss, if any, particularly for proceedings that are in the early stages of development

12


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


or where the plaintiffs seek indeterminate damages. Various factors, including, but not limited to, the outcome of potentially lengthy discovery and the resolution of important factual questions, may need to be determined before probability can be established or before a loss or range of loss can be reasonably estimated. In accordance with current accounting standards for loss contingencies and based upon information currently known to us, we establish reserves for litigation when it is probable that a loss associated with a claim or proceeding has been incurred and the amount of the loss or range of loss can be reasonably estimated.  When no amount within the range of loss is a better estimate than any other amount, we accrue the minimum amount of the estimable loss. To the extent that such litigation against us may have an exposure to a loss in excess of the amount we have accrued, we believe that such excess would not be material to our consolidated financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.  Legal fees are expensed as incurred.
If the loss contingency in question is not both probable and reasonably estimable, we do not establish an accrual and the matter will continue to be monitored for any developments that would make the loss contingency both probable and reasonably estimable. In the event that a legal proceeding results in a substantial judgment against, or settlement by us, there can be no assurance that any resulting liability or financial commitment would not have a material adverse impact on our business.
NOTE 11 — NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE COMPUTATIONS
The following is a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the net income per common share computations:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions, except per share data)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Numerator for basic income per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
69.8

 
$
55.1

 
$
72.6

 
$
53.5

Net income allocated to participating securities
(1.3
)
 
(0.9
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(0.9
)
Numerator for basic income per common share
$
68.5

 
$
54.2

 
$
71.3

 
$
52.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator for diluted income per common share
$
69.8

 
$
55.1

 
$
72.6

 
$
53.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator for basic and diluted net income per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
16.5

 
17.3

 
16.5

 
17.3

Plus dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock
0.2

 
0.1

 
0.2

 
0.1

Plus dilutive effect of participating securities
0.3

 
0.3

 
0.3

 
0.3

Diluted
17.0

 
17.7

 
17.0

 
17.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
4.16

 
$
3.12

 
$
4.32

 
$
3.04

Diluted
$
4.11

 
$
3.10

 
$
4.27

 
$
3.02

NOTE 12 — SEGMENT INFORMATION
We manage our operations through six operating segments:
Racing, which includes Churchill Downs Racetrack ("Churchill Downs"), Arlington International Race Course ("Arlington"), Fair Grounds Race Course ("Fair Grounds") and Calder Race Course ("Calder");
Casinos, which includes Oxford Casino ("Oxford"), Riverwalk Casino ("Riverwalk"), Harlow's Casino ("Harlow’s"), Calder Casino, Fair Grounds Slots ("Fair Grounds Slots"), Video Services, LLC ("VSI"), 50% of EBITDA from our joint venture, MVG, 25% of EBITDA from our equity investment, SCH and two hotels (Riverwalk and Harlow’s);
TwinSpires, which includes TwinSpires.com, Fair Grounds Account Wagering ("FAW"), Velocity, Bloodstock Research Information Services ("BRIS"), Bluff and I-Gaming;
Big Fish Games, which is a global producer and distributor of social casino, casual and mid-core free-to-play, and premium paid games for PC, Mac and mobile devices;
Other Investments, which includes United Tote and Capital View Casino & Resort Joint Venture ("Capital View"); and
Corporate, which includes miscellaneous and other revenue, compensation expense, professional fees and other general and administrative expense not allocated to our other operating segments.

13


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Eliminations include the elimination of intersegment transactions. Our chief operating decision maker utilizes Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate segment performance, develop strategy and allocate resources. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, adjusted for the following:
Adjusted EBITDA includes:
Changes in Big Fish Games deferred revenue;
50% of EBITDA of our joint venture, MVG;
25% of EBITDA from our SCH equity investment; and
Intercompany revenue and expense totals that are eliminated in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
Adjusted EBITDA excludes:
Big Fish Games adjustments which include:
Acquisition-related charges, including the change in fair value of the Big Fish Games earnout and deferred consideration liability recorded each reporting period
Stock-based compensation expense;
Calder exit costs; and
Other charges and recoveries.
As of January 1, 2016, we modified our definition of Adjusted EBITDA to exclude depreciation and amortization from our 50% joint venture, MVG and our 25% equity investment in SCH. The prior year amounts were reclassified to conform to this presentation. We also prospectively implemented a change in accounting estimate for corporate expenses allocated to other operating segments to use an activity based allocation rather than a revenue based allocation.
We utilize the Adjusted EBITDA metric because we believe the inclusion or exclusion of certain recurring items is necessary to provide a more accurate measure of our core operating results and enables management and investors to evaluate and compare from period to period our operating performance in a meaningful and consistent manner. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to operating income as an indicator of performance, as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities as a measure of liquidity, or as an alternative to any other measure provided in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA may be different from the calculation used by other companies and, therefore, comparability may be limited.
The tables below present net revenue from external customers and intercompany revenue from each of our operating segments, Adjusted EBITDA by segment and reconciles Adjusted EBITDA to Comprehensive Income:

14


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net revenue from external customers:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Racing:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Churchill Downs
$
129.1

 
$
126.8

 
$
131.4

 
$
128.8

Arlington
16.8

 
18.1

 
25.8

 
23.9

Fair Grounds
9.5

 
9.8

 
23.8

 
25.1

Calder
0.7

 
0.7

 
1.3

 
1.4

Total Racing
156.1

 
155.4

 
182.3

 
179.2

Casinos:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oxford Casino
21.1

 
21.0

 
41.0

 
38.5

Riverwalk Casino
12.4

 
12.5

 
25.1

 
25.7

Harlow’s Casino
11.9

 
12.0

 
24.9

 
25.7

Calder Casino
20.5

 
19.9

 
40.8

 
40.2

Fair Grounds Slots
8.8

 
9.0

 
19.4

 
21.1

VSI
9.5

 
9.4

 
19.3

 
18.6

Saratoga
0.2

 

 
0.4

 

Total Casinos
84.4

 
83.8

 
170.9

 
169.8

TwinSpires
68.2

 
60.7

 
117.6

 
106.1

Big Fish Games:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Social casino
46.5

 
48.4

 
94.0

 
98.0

Casual and mid-core free-to-play
56.0

 
32.4

 
106.4

 
53.9

Premium
24.6

 
28.3

 
51.3

 
58.3

Fair value adjustments
(1.9
)
 
(4.6
)
 
(4.4
)
 
(13.8
)
Total Big Fish Games
125.2

 
104.5

 
247.3

 
196.4

Other Investments
4.4

 
4.5

 
8.4

 
8.1

Corporate
0.2

 
0.3

 
0.4

 
0.5

Net revenue from external customers
$
438.5

 
$
409.2

 
$
726.9

 
$
660.1

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Intercompany net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Racing:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Churchill Downs
$
7.0

 
$
5.4

 
$
7.3

 
$
5.6

Arlington
1.6

 
1.4

 
2.6

 
2.4

Fair Grounds

 

 
1.0

 
0.9

Total Racing
8.6

 
6.8

 
10.9

 
8.9

TwinSpires
0.3

 
0.3

 
0.6

 
0.5

Other Investments
1.4

 
1.1

 
2.3

 
1.9

Eliminations
(10.3
)
 
(8.2
)
 
(13.8
)
 
(11.3
)
Intercompany net revenue
$

 
$

 
$

 
$


15


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Adjusted EBITDA by segment is comprised of the following:
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2016
(in millions)
Racing
 
Casinos
 
TwinSpires
 
Big Fish
Games
 
Other Investments
 
Corporate
Net revenue
$
164.7

 
$
84.4

 
$
68.5

 
$
125.2

 
$
5.8

 
$
0.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Taxes & purses
(30.3
)
 
(28.0
)
 
(2.0
)
 

 

 

Platform & development fees

 

 

 
(45.9
)
 

 

Marketing & advertising
(1.9
)
 
(3.1
)
 
(3.3
)
 
(37.1
)
 

 

Salaries & benefits
(12.7
)
 
(12.7
)
 
(2.3
)
 
(6.2
)
 
(2.8
)
 

Content expense
(4.8
)
 

 
(33.5
)
 

 

 

SG&A expenses
(4.0
)
 
(5.4
)
 
(2.8
)
 
(4.3
)
 
(0.9
)
 
(2.0
)
Research & development

 

 

 
(9.7
)
 

 

Other operating expense
(19.9
)
 
(9.7
)
 
(6.2
)
 
(3.8
)
 
(1.0
)
 
(0.1
)
Other income (expenses)
0.2

 
7.8

 

 
(0.4
)
 
0.2

 

Change in deferred revenue(1)
n/a

 
n/a

 
n/a

 
2.7

 
n/a

 
n/a

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total segment Adjusted EBITDA
$
91.3

 
$
33.3

 
$
18.4

 
$
20.5

 
$
1.3

 
$
(1.9
)

 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2015
(in millions)
Racing
 
Casinos
 
TwinSpires
 
Big Fish
Games
 
Other Investments
 
Corporate
Net revenue
$
162.2

 
$
83.8

 
$
61.0

 
$
104.5

 
$
5.6

 
$
0.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Taxes & purses
(31.6
)
 
(27.9
)
 
(2.7
)
 

 

 

Platform & development fees

 

 

 
(35.6
)
 

 

Marketing & advertising
(3.5
)
 
(3.1
)
 
(2.1
)
 
(25.6
)
 

 

Salaries & benefits
(12.4
)
 
(12.8
)
 
(2.4
)
 
(5.8
)
 
(2.8
)
 

Content expense
(4.5
)
 

 
(29.7
)
 

 

 

SG&A expenses
(5.6
)
 
(4.8
)
 
(2.6
)
 
(3.6
)
 
(0.7
)
 
(1.6
)
Research & development

 

 

 
(9.9
)
 

 

Other operating expense
(19.6
)
 
(10.6
)
 
(5.4
)
 
(3.6
)
 
(0.7
)
 
(0.5
)
Other income (expenses)
0.2

 
4.9

 

 
(0.3
)
 
0.1

 
0.1

Change in deferred revenue(1)
n/a

 
n/a

 
n/a

 
8.2

 
n/a

 
n/a

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total segment Adjusted EBITDA
$
85.2


$
29.5

 
$
16.1

 
$
28.3

 
$
1.5


$
(1.7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Change in deferred revenue is included in Adjusted EBITDA only for Big Fish Games.


16


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
(in millions)
Racing
 
Casinos
 
TwinSpires
 
Big Fish
Games
 
Other Investments
 
Corporate
Net revenue
$
193.2

 
$
170.9

 
$
118.2

 
$
247.3

 
$
10.7

 
$
0.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Taxes & purses
(41.5
)
 
(56.5
)
 
(4.8
)
 

 

 

Platform & development fees

 

 

 
(90.0
)
 

 

Marketing & advertising
(2.7
)
 
(6.5
)
 
(4.2
)
 
(79.9
)
 

 

Salaries & benefits
(21.1
)
 
(24.8
)
 
(4.6
)
 
(12.2
)
 
(5.5
)
 

Content expense
(8.1
)
 

 
(57.4
)
 

 

 

SG&A expenses
(7.9
)
 
(10.4
)
 
(5.6
)
 
(9.2
)
 
(1.6
)
 
(4.0
)
Research & development

 

 

 
(20.5
)
 

 

Other operating expense
(28.3
)
 
(19.4
)
 
(11.1
)
 
(7.9
)
 
(1.7
)
 
(0.3
)
Other income (expenses)
0.3

 
14.3

 

 
(0.9
)
 
0.2

 

Change in deferred revenue(1)
n/a

 
n/a

 
n/a

 
8.8

 
n/a

 
n/a

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total segment Adjusted EBITDA
$
83.9

 
$
67.6

 
$
30.5

 
$
35.5

 
$
2.1

 
$
(3.9
)

 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2015
(in millions)
Racing
 
Casinos
 
TwinSpires
 
Big Fish
Games
 
Other Investments
 
Corporate
Net revenue
$
188.1

 
$
169.8

 
$
106.6

 
$
196.4

 
$
10.0

 
$
0.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Taxes & purses
(41.1
)
 
(55.9
)
 
(4.6
)
 

 

 

Platform & development fees

 

 

 
(66.9
)
 

 

Marketing & advertising
(4.3
)
 
(6.2
)
 
(3.0
)
 
(54.8
)
 

 

Salaries & benefits
(20.8
)
 
(25.4
)
 
(4.9
)
 
(11.1
)
 
(5.5
)
 

Content expense
(7.7
)
 

 
(52.3
)
 

 

 

SG&A expenses
(8.7
)
 
(11.0
)
 
(5.5
)
 
(8.8
)
 
(1.1
)
 
(2.8
)
Research & development

 

 

 
(20.1
)
 

 

Other operating expense
(29.8
)
 
(21.3
)
 
(9.9
)
 
(7.0
)
 
(1.6
)
 
(1.3
)
Other income (expenses)
0.3

 
9.9

 
(0.2
)
 
(0.5
)
 
0.1

 

Change in deferred revenue(1)
n/a

 
n/a

 
n/a

 
21.1

 
n/a

 
n/a

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total segment Adjusted EBITDA
$
76.0

 
$
59.9

 
$
26.2

 
$
48.3

 
$
1.9

 
$
(3.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Change in deferred revenue is included in Adjusted EBITDA only for Big Fish Games.

17


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Reconciliation of segment Adjusted EBITDA to comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Racing
$
91.3

 
$
85.2

 
$
83.9

 
$
76.0

Casinos
33.3

 
29.5

 
67.6

 
59.9

TwinSpires
18.4

 
16.1

 
30.5

 
26.2

Big Fish Games
20.5

 
28.3

 
35.5

 
48.3

Other Investments
1.3

 
1.5

 
2.1

 
1.9

Corporate
(1.9
)
 
(1.7
)
 
(3.9
)
 
(3.6
)
Total segment Adjusted EBITDA
162.9

 
158.9

 
215.7

 
208.7

Change in Big Fish Games deferred revenue
(2.7
)
 
(8.2
)
 
(8.8
)
 
(21.1
)
Selling, general and administrative:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock-based compensation expense
(5.3
)
 
(3.4
)
 
(9.4
)
 
(6.1
)
Other charges
(0.3
)
 

 
(0.3
)
 

Other income, expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity investments - interest, depreciation and amortization expense
(2.5
)
 
(2.2
)
 
(5.0
)
 
(4.2
)
Other (charges) and recoveries, net

 

 
(0.4
)
 
6.1

Big Fish Games adjustments
(1.1
)
 
(8.2
)
 
(3.8
)
 
(14.6
)
Calder exit costs
(1.5
)
 
(0.8
)
 
(1.9
)
 
(0.8
)
Depreciation and amortization
(26.9
)
 
(27.3
)
 
(53.9
)
 
(54.7
)
Interest (expense) income, net
(11.1
)
 
(7.1
)
 
(21.7
)
 
(14.4
)
Income before income tax provision
111.5

 
101.7

 
110.5

 
98.9

Income tax provision
(41.7
)
 
(46.6
)
 
(37.9
)
 
(45.4
)
Net income
69.8

 
55.1

 
72.6

 
53.5

Foreign currency translation, net of tax
0.2

 
(0.1
)
 
0.2

 
(0.4
)
Comprehensive income
$
70.0

 
$
55.0

 
$
72.8

 
$
53.1

The table below presents information about equity in income (losses) of unconsolidated investments included in our reported segments:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Casinos
$
4.7

 
$
2.8

 
$
8.8

 
$
5.4

Other Investments
0.1

 
0.1

 
(0.2
)
 
0.5

 
$
4.8

 
$
2.9

 
$
8.6

 
$
5.9

The table below presents total asset information for each of our operating segments:
(in millions)
June 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Total assets:
 
 
 
Racing
$
434.4

 
$
437.1

Casinos
624.7

 
631.3

TwinSpires
211.2

 
202.4

Big Fish Games
930.0

 
947.1

Other Investments
10.5

 
12.2

Corporate
37.3

 
47.3

 
$
2,248.1

 
$
2,277.4


18


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


The table below presents capital expenditures for each of our operating segments:
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
Capital expenditures:
 
 
 
Racing
$
20.8

 
$
6.6

Casinos
6.8

 
11.4

TwinSpires
3.7

 
2.0

Big Fish Games
2.2

 
1.9

Other Investments
0.4

 
0.3

Corporate
0.6

 
0.5

 
$
34.5

 
$
22.7

NOTE 13 — SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Maryland Joint Venture
On August 2, 2016, we signed a limited liability company operating agreement to form a 50% joint venture with SCH to purchase all of the equity interests of Ocean Enterprise 589 LLC, Ocean Downs LLC and Racing Services LLC (“Ocean Downs”). Ocean Downs, located near Ocean City, Maryland owns and operates VLTs at the Casino at Ocean Downs and conducts harness racing at Ocean Downs Racetrack.
The new joint venture, Old Bay Gaming and Racing LLC (“Old Bay”), will manage both our and SCH’s interests in the operation of the gaming facility and racetrack. Old Bay has entered into a definitive purchase agreement through which it will acquire equity interests in entities holding the Maryland casino gaming and harness racing licenses and certain assets held by Ocean Downs. Completion of the purchase transaction is subject to regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions.
TwinSpires Internal Revenue Service Matter
On July 18, 2016, we were notified of an Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") matter under review in which we are potentially liable for non-filing of federal withholding tax information for certain TwinSpires customers, subsequent to the acquisition of YouBet in 2010. The potential civil penalty plus interest approximates $1.6 million. Since it is not yet probable that this amount will be paid, an accrual was not recorded at June 30, 2016.


19


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Information set forth in this discussion and analysis contains various “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “Act”) provides certain “safe harbor” provisions for forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are made pursuant to the Act. The reader is cautioned that such forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time and/or management’s good faith belief with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in the statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date the statement was made. We assume no obligation to update forward-looking information to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by the use of terms such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “will,” and similar words, although some forward-looking statements are expressed differently.
Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give no assurance that such expectations will prove to be correct. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations include: the effect of global economic conditions, including any disruptions in the credit markets; a decrease in consumers’ discretionary income; the effect (including possible increases in the cost of doing business) resulting from future war and terrorist activities or political uncertainties; the impact of increasing insurance costs; the impact of interest rate fluctuations; maintaining favorable relationships we have with third-party mobile platforms, the inability to secure new content from third-party developers on favorable terms, keeping our games free from programming errors or flaws, the effect if smart phone and tablet usage to facilitate game platforms does not continue to increase; the financial performance of our racing operations; the impact of casino competition (including lotteries, online gaming and riverboat, cruise ship and land-based casinos) and other sports and entertainment options in the markets in which we operate; our ability to maintain racing and gaming licenses to conduct our businesses; the impact of live racing day competition with other Kentucky, Illinois, Louisiana or Ohio racetracks within those respective markets; the impact of higher purses and other incentives in states that compete with our racetracks; costs associated with our efforts in support of alternative gaming initiatives; costs associated with customer relationship management initiatives; a substantial change in law or regulations affecting pari-mutuel or casino activities; a substantial change in allocation of live racing days; changes in Kentucky, Illinois or Louisiana law or regulations that impact revenues or costs of racing in those states; the presence of wagering and casino operations at other states’ racetracks and casinos near our operations; our continued ability to effectively compete for the country’s horses and trainers necessary to achieve full field horse races; our continued ability to grow our share of the interstate simulcast market and obtain the consents of horsemen’s groups to interstate simulcasting; our ability to enter into agreements with other industry constituents for the purchase and sale of racing content for wagering purposes; our ability to execute our acquisition strategy and to complete or successfully operate acquisitions and planned expansion projects including the effect of required payments in the event we are unable to complete acquisitions; our ability to successfully complete any divestiture transaction; market reaction to our expansion projects; the inability of our totalisator company, United Tote, to maintain its processes accurately, keep its technology current or maintain its significant customers; our accountability for environmental contamination; the ability of Big Fish Games or TwinSpires to prevent security breaches within their online technologies; the loss of key personnel; the impact of natural and other disasters on our operations and our ability to obtain insurance recoveries in respect of such losses (including losses related to business interruption); our ability to integrate any businesses we acquire into our existing operations, including our ability to maintain revenues at historic or anticipated levels and achieve anticipated cost savings; the impact of wagering laws, including changes in laws or enforcement of those laws by regulatory agencies; the outcome of pending or threatened litigation; changes in our relationships with horsemen’s groups and their memberships; our ability to reach agreement with horsemen’s groups on future purse and other agreements (including, without limitation, agreements on sharing of revenues from casinos and advance deposit wagering); the effect of claims of third parties to intellectual property rights; and the volatility of our stock price.
The following information is unaudited. Tabular dollars are in millions, except per share amounts. All per share amounts assume dilution unless otherwise noted. This report should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, including Part I – Item 1A, "Risk Factors" of our Form 10-K for a discussion regarding some of the reasons that actual results may be materially different from those we anticipate.

20


Our Business
Executive Overview
We are an industry leading racing, gaming and online entertainment company anchored by our iconic flagship event - The Kentucky Derby. We are a leader in brick-and-mortar casino gaming with approximately 8,410 gaming positions in six states, and we are the largest, legal online account wagering platform for horseracing in the U.S. We are also one of the world's largest producers and distributors of mobile games. We were organized as a Kentucky corporation in 1928, and our principal executive offices are located in Louisville, Kentucky.
Our management monitors a variety of key indicators to evaluate our business results and financial condition. These indicators include changes in bookings, net revenue, operating expense, EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization), operating income, earnings per share, capital spending, total cash flow and free cash flow including maintenance capital.
Our condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). We also use Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate our business results. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, adjusted for the following:
Adjusted EBITDA includes:
Changes in Big Fish Games deferred revenue;
50% of EBITDA from our joint venture, Miami Valley Gaming, LLC ("MVG");
25% of EBITDA from our equity investment, Saratoga Casino Holdings, LLC ("SCH"); and
Intercompany revenue and expense totals that are eliminated in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
Adjusted EBITDA excludes:
Big Fish Games adjustments which include:
Acquisition-related charges, including the change in fair value of the Big Fish Games earnout and deferred consideration liability recorded each reporting period
Stock-based compensation expense;
Calder exit costs; and
Other charges and recoveries.
We believe that the use of Adjusted EBITDA as a key performance measure of results of operations enables management and investors to evaluate and compare from period to period our operating performance in a meaningful and consistent manner. Our chief operating decision maker utilizes Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate segment performance, develop strategy and allocate resources. Adjusted EBITDA is a supplemental measure of our performance that is not required by, or presented in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net income (as determined in accordance with GAAP) as a measure of our operating results.
As of January 1, 2016, we modified our definition of Adjusted EBITDA to exclude depreciation and amortization from our 50% joint venture, MVG and our 25% equity investment in SCH. Prior year amounts were reclassified to conform to this presentation. We also prospectively implemented a change in accounting estimate for corporate expenses allocated to other operating segments to use an activity based allocation rather than a revenue based allocation.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, certain reclassifications were made to conform with the current year presentation consisting of reclassifying expenses from our Churchill Downs Interactive Gaming ("I-Gaming") and Bluff Media operations from Other Investments to TwinSpires and reclassifying certain food & beverage operations from Fair Grounds to Fair Grounds Slots.
Our Operations
We manage our operations through six operating segments: Racing, Casinos, TwinSpires, Big Fish Games, Other Investments and Corporate.
Racing Segment
Our Racing segment includes our four racetracks: Churchill Downs Racetrack ("Churchill Downs"), Arlington International Race Course ("Arlington"), Fair Grounds Race Course ("Fair Grounds") and Calder Race Course ("Calder"). We conduct live horseracing at Churchill Downs, Arlington and Fair Grounds. On July 1, 2014, we entered into a racing services agreement with The Stronach Group ("TSG") to allow Gulfstream Park to manage and operate Calder through December 31, 2020. We conducted 61 live race days in the second quarter of 2016 compared to 66 live race days in the second quarter of 2015. For the six months ended June 30, 2016, we conducted 115 live thoroughbred racing days, which compares to 123 live racing days during the six months ended June 30, 2015.

21


Casinos Segment
We are also a provider of brick-and-mortar real-money casino gaming with approximately 8,410 gaming positions located in six states. We own five casinos: Oxford Casino ("Oxford"), Riverwalk Casino ("Riverwalk"), Harlow's Casino ("Harlow’s"), Calder Casino and collectively Fair Grounds Slots ("Fair Grounds Slots") and Video Services, LLC ("VSI"), in addition to two hotels (Riverwalk and Harlow’s). In addition, we have a 50% equity investment in MVG and a 25% equity investment in SCH. Our casino revenue is primarily generated from slot machines, video poker and table games while ancillary revenue includes hotel and food and beverage sales.
TwinSpires Segment
Our TwinSpires segment includes TwinSpires.com, Fair Grounds Account Wagering ("FAW"), Velocity, Bloodstock Research Information Services ("BRIS") and I-Gaming.
Big Fish Games Segment
Big Fish Games, Inc. ("Big Fish Games") is a global producer and distributor of social casino, casual and mid-core free-to-play, and premium paid games for PC, Mac and mobile devices.
Other Investments Segment
Our Other Investments Segment includes United Tote and Capital View Casino & Resort Joint Venture ("Capital View").
Corporate Segment
Our Corporate segment includes miscellaneous and other revenue, compensation expense, professional fees and other general and administrative expense not allocated to our other operating segments.
Government Regulations and Potential Legislative Changes
We are subject to various federal, state and international laws and regulations that affect our businesses. The ownership, operation and management of our racing operations, our casino operations, TwinSpires and Big Fish Games are subject to regulation under the laws and regulations of each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. The ownership, operation and management of our segments are also subject to legislative actions at both the federal and state level. This update on 2016 regulatory and legislative activities should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, including Part I – Item 1, "Business" of our Form 10-K for a discussion of regulatory and legislative issues.
Racing Regulations and Potential Legislative Changes
Illinois
In January 2015, legislation authorizing the operation of advance deposit wagering ("ADW") with no statutory end date was introduced for consideration. The legislation was carried over for consideration during the 2016 legislative session and in March 2016, the legislation was amended to reauthorize ADW operations until December 31, 2018. Prior to the conclusion of the 2016 session, the legislation was approved by the legislature and awaits the Governor’s signature.
Casino Regulations and Potential Legislative Changes
Maine
In April 2015, legislation was filed that would expand gaming locations in the state and allow for entities such as Native American tribes in northern Maine and a harness track in southern Maine to operate casino facilities. Legislation authorizing a northern Maine casino benefiting Native American tribes expired during the legislative session. Legislation allowing for a southern Maine casino was defeated during the 2016 legislative session. Should gaming expansion occur in Maine, it could have an adverse impact on our business.
Florida
In December 2015, Florida’s Governor signed a twenty year Seminole Compact with the Seminole Tribe preserving the Seminole Tribe's geographic exclusivity and right to exclusively operate blackjack, craps and roulette games. In February 2016, legislation authorizing the Seminole Compact was introduced but failed to receive legislative approval during the 2016 legislative session.
In February 2016, legislation was introduced in the Florida House and Senate that would provide for significant changes to Florida’s pari-mutuel industry. Both the Senate and House bills would allow pari-mutuel racetracks in Miami-Dade and Broward counties to elect to decouple pari-mutuel and gaming operations, would authorize additional gaming licenses in Miami-Date and Palm Beach counties and would allow facilities to be open continuously. The House and Senate bills also provide differing proposals regarding authorized gaming positions, purse pool funding, additional counties of operation and table game offerings, among other proposals. Both the House and Senate legislation failed to receive approval during the 2016 legislative session.

22


At this time it is not possible to determine what impact legislation with respect to authorizing the Seminole Compact or decoupling and other provisions will have on our business.
New York
In January 2016, legislation was filed that would authorize VLT operators and casino licensees to be eligible for an interactive gaming license. The bill provides that an interactive gaming licensee would be authorized to offer online poker games under a ten-year license. The proposed legislation limits the number of licenses to ten, establishes an initial $10 million license fee and establishes a tax rate of 15% of interactive gross gaming revenue. The bill failed to be approved by the legislature prior to the end of the 2016 legislative session.
Kentucky
In February 2016, Senate Bill 144 was introduced for consideration during the 2016 legislative session. Senate Bill 144 was a constitutional amendment that authorized the legislature to permit casino gaming and to develop a framework for casino gaming. Under the terms of the constitutional amendment, 90% of revenue generated from licensing fees and taxation would be directed to the state's pension fund. The remaining 10% of revenue would be dedicated to Kentucky's horse industry. The constitutional amendment was not considered by the legislature during the 2016 session. Should future legislation be enacted, it could have a positive impact on our business.
TwinSpires Regulations and Potential Legislative Changes
Maine
In April 2016, legislation was passed by the legislature that would regulate advance deposit wagering and implement an undetermined tax on the ADW licensee. Under the terms of the legislation, a commercial race track, off-track betting facility ("OTB") or a multi-jurisdictional account wagering provider may apply for the sole license in the state. The legislation was vetoed by the Governor but his veto was subsequently overridden by the legislature prior to the adjournment of the 2016 session. The legislation could have an adverse impact on our business, however we are evaluating alternatives to mitigate or challenge the legislation which may reduce the impact on our business.
Pennsylvania
In February 2016, legislation was signed by the Governor which is intended to provide regulatory reform to Pennsylvania’s racing industry. The legislation includes provisions related to the operation of advance deposit wagering in the state. Under the terms of the legislation, an initial license fee of $0.5 million and annual renewal fee of $0.1 million would be established. The previous ten percent tax on wagers would be removed and replaced with a one and one-half percent tax on win, place and show wagers, and a two and one-half percent tax on exotic wagers. Neither an ADW operator nor a racetrack may accept wagers within thirty-five miles of a racetrack operating a live meet. The legislation could have an adverse impact on our business, however we are evaluating alternatives to mitigate or challenge the legislation which may reduce the impact on our business.
In June 2016, the Pennsylvania House passed a gambling expansion bill that would allow the state’s existing casinos to offer online gambling. The legislation sets a one-time $8 million license fee and establishes a tax rate of 16% on wagering. The Senate is not expected to consider the bill prior to September 2016. At this time we are unable to determine if the legislation will have an impact on our business or results of operation.
California
In February 2016, Assembly Bill 2863 was introduced in California. Assembly Bill 2863 would authorize the operation of Internet poker and provide that cardrooms and federally recognized Indian tribes qualify as entities eligible to apply for a license. Racetracks would not be permitted to apply for an Internet poker license but would receive an annual $60 million appropriation from the state. The legislation establishes a licensure period of seven years but does not set forth licensing fees or taxes. The 2016 legislative session remains in session, and the potential effect of Assembly Bill 2863 on our business cannot be determined at this time.
Minnesota
In May 2016, legislation was passed that taxes and regulates ADW operations in Minnesota. Under the terms of the new law a 1.25% tax is imposed on wagers made by Minnesota residents, ADW operators are required to have a source market fee agreement with the state’s racetracks and stringent enforcement penalties are established should an operator take wagers out of the state without an agreement. The legislation could have an adverse impact on our business, however we are evaluating alternatives to reduce the impact on our business.
Michigan
In July 2016, Michigan’s Governor signed legislation aimed at preventing an ADW operator from accepting wagers in the state. The legislation could have an adverse impact on our business, however we are evaluating alternatives to mitigate or challenge the legislation which may reduce the impact on our business.

23


Consolidated Financial Results
The following table reflects our total net revenue, Adjusted EBITDA, operating income and certain other financial information:
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
June 30,
 
Change
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
$
 
2016
 
2015
 
$
Total net revenue
$
438.5

 
$
409.2

 
$
29.3

 
$
726.9

 
$
660.1

 
$
66.8

Adjusted EBITDA
162.9

 
158.9

 
4.0

 
215.7

 
208.7

 
7.0

Operating income
117.4

 
105.9

 
11.5

 
123.7

 
101.8

 
21.9

Operating income margin
27
%
 
26
%
 
 
 
17
%
 
15
%
 
 
Net income
69.8

 
55.1

 
14.7

 
72.6

 
53.5

 
19.1

Three Months Ended June 30, 2016 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2015
Our total net revenue increased $29.3 million driven by a $20.7 million increase from Big Fish Games primarily from casual and mid-core free-to-play game growth, a $7.5 million increase from TwinSpires due to a 16.4% increase in handle, a $0.7 million increase in Racing due to strong Kentucky Derby and Oaks week performance and a $0.4 million increase in other revenues.
Our Adjusted EBITDA increased $4.0 million driven by a $6.1 million increase from Racing due to a strong Kentucky Derby and Oaks week, a $3.8 million increase from Casinos as a result of our MVG and SCH investments and operational efficiencies and a $2.3 million increase from TwinSpires as a result of handle growth. Partially offsetting these increases was a $7.8 million decrease from Big Fish Games due to a $15.2 million increase in bookings, which was more than offset by a $21.8 million increase in user acquisition expense and platform and development fees and a $0.4 million decline from our other segments.
Our operating income increased $11.5 million driven by a $5.9 million increase in Racing primarily associated with the Kentucky Derby and Oaks week, a $3.7 million increase from Big Fish Games, a $1.7 million increase in TwinSpires as a result of a Pennsylvania tax refund and a $1.0 million increase from Casinos from organic revenue growth and operational efficiencies. Partially offsetting these improvements was a $0.7 million increase in Calder exit costs and a $0.1 million increase in other expense.
Our net income increased $14.7 million driven by a $11.5 million increase in operating income, a $4.9 million reduction in our income tax provision primarily due to a decrease in our effective tax rate from lower non-deductible acquisition-related charges in the current year, a $1.9 million increase in income from our equity investments and a $0.4 million increase in other income. Partially offsetting these increases was a $4.0 million increase in net interest expense associated with higher outstanding debt balances.
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2015
Our total net revenue increased $66.8 million driven by a $50.9 million increase from Big Fish Games primarily from casual and mid-core free-to-play game growth, a $11.6 million increase from TwinSpires due to a 13.9% increase in handle, a $3.1 million increase in Racing due to strong Kentucky Derby and Oaks week performance and a $1.2 million increase in other revenues.
Our Adjusted EBITDA increased $7.0 million driven by a $7.9 million increase from Racing primarily associated with Churchill Downs, a $7.7 million increase in Casinos as a result our MVG and SCH investments, organic growth and operational efficiencies within our owned properties and a $4.3 million increase from TwinSpires as a result of handle growth. Partially offsetting these increases was a $12.8 million decrease from Big Fish Games and a $0.1 million decline from our other segments.
Our operating income increased $21.9 million driven by a $8.7 million increase from Big Fish Games, a $7.8 million increase in Racing primarily at Churchill Downs, a $4.1 million increase in TwinSpires as a result of handle growth and a $2.8 million increase from Casinos from organic revenue growth and operational efficiencies. Partially offsetting these improvements was a $1.1 million increase in Calder exit costs and a $0.4 million increase in other expense.
Our net income increased $19.1 million driven by a $21.9 million increase in operating income, a $7.5 million decrease in our income tax provision primarily due to the favorable impact from the early adoption of an accounting standard related to stock-based compensation and a decrease in our effective tax rate from lower non-deductible acquisition-related charges in the current year, a $2.7 million increase in income from our equity investments and a $0.1 million increase in other income. Partially offsetting these increases was a $5.8 million gain in 2015 from the sale of ou